Markham  Albert Hastings 

British naval officer and polar traveler, cousin C.R. Markham. 
Born in Butners in the family of a sailor, captain John Markham. He received his first home education, and then graduated from the Eastmen Royal Naval Academy. 
Markham began naval service in 1856. He served at the naval base in China, taking an active part in the operation to capture Beijing and suppress the uprising in Taiping. For his courage in capturing Chinese pirate junks in 1862, he was promoted to lieutenant. During his subsequent service in Australia, Markham actively participated in the suppression of unrest on the islands, received thanks from the Admiralty and the rank of captain 3 rank. 
In 1873  in search of vigorous activity, Markham entered Captain Adams' Scottish Whaler, operating in the Baffin Sea. During this voyage he was engaged in scientific observations. 
In the years 1875–1876  Markham took part in the British expedition to the North Pole by J. Ners on the ships Alert and Discovery. During the wintering "vigilant" on the northern coast of. In April 1876, Ellesmere, at the head of a squad of 53 people, he embarked on a sledge trek to the north, whose main goal was to reach the pole. However, instead of the 840 km required for this, a detachment on extremely ice-covered ice covered only 100 km, reaching, however, a record at that time point of 83° 20' 26"N. Sailors suffered terribly from extreme cold, many were sick with scurvy With the greatest difficulties, with the help of Lieutenant Parr’s rescue team sent to meet them, they managed to return to the ship, for which achievement Markham received a golden watch from the Royal Geographical Society and was given the rank of captain of the 1st rank. 
Soon after, he left for the United States and volunteered for a cavalry unit operating against the Indians on the border with Mexico. 
Research in the Arctic has always attracted Markham, and he used every opportunity to conduct them, in different years participating in campaigns in the Straits of Davis and Lancaster, in Hudson Bay. For his research activities in these areas, he received the thanks of the Canadian government. In 1879, together with Henry Gori-Bout, Markham made an unsuccessful attempt to reach the Franz Josef Land archipelago on the Polar Bear yacht. 
Upon his return  Markham took part in two three-year voyages to the Pacific Ocean: the first as the flag captain of Admiral Stirling on the Triumph, the second captain of the Vernon, and then the head of the naval torpedo school. The last assignment was particularly significant, since Markham was neither an artillery nor a torpedo specialist. This appointment testified to the recognition by the authorities of his brilliant abilities, knowledge and capabilities. However, the most pleasant and suiting him was the appointment in 1886 to the post of commander of the training squadron. Here his abilities of the navigator and the seaman were fully revealed. In 1891 he received the rank of Rear Admiral, a year later he became deputy commander of the Mediterranean squadron. 
Markham combined the naval service with active literary activity, publishing descriptions of his travels, as well as the biography of J. Franklin 
and C. R. Markham. He was a regular contributor to many publishers and magazines, has collected extensive collections, some of which are stored in the Natural History Museum in London. For many years, Markham was a member of the Council of the Royal Geographical Society.

Awarded by the Order of the Bath. 
He died in London. 
An island in the Lincoln Sea northwest of Sverdrup Island. 
Cape in the north of Hooker Island archipelago Franz Josef Land. Named in 1895 by F. Jackson. 
Strait in the center of the archipelago Franz Josef Land (Markam). Opened and named in 1874 by Yu. Payer.


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