Markham Albert Hastings
naval officer and polar traveler, cousin C.R.
Born in Butners in the family of a sailor, captain John Markham. He
received his first home education, and then graduated from the
Eastmen Royal Naval Academy.
Markham began naval service in 1856. He
served at the naval base in China, taking an active part in the
operation to capture Beijing and suppress the uprising in Taiping. For
his courage in capturing Chinese pirate junks in 1862, he was
promoted to lieutenant. During
his subsequent service in Australia, Markham actively participated
in the suppression of unrest on the islands, received thanks from
the Admiralty and the rank of captain 3 rank.
In 1873 in search of vigorous activity, Markham entered Captain
Adams' Scottish Whaler, operating in the Baffin Sea. During
this voyage he was engaged in scientific observations.
In the years 1875–1876 Markham took part in the British
expedition to the North Pole by J.
Ners on the ships
Alert and Discovery. During
the wintering "vigilant" on the northern coast of. In
April 1876, Ellesmere, at the head of a squad of 53 people, he
embarked on a sledge trek to the north, whose main goal was to reach
the pole. However,
instead of the 840 km required for this, a detachment on extremely
ice-covered ice covered only 100 km, reaching, however, a record at
that time point of 83° 20' 26"N.
Sailors suffered terribly from extreme cold, many were sick with
scurvy With the greatest difficulties, with the help of Lieutenant
Parr’s rescue team sent to meet them, they managed to return to the
ship, for which achievement Markham received a golden watch from the
Royal Geographical Society and was given the rank of captain of the
Soon after, he left for the United States and volunteered for a
cavalry unit operating against the Indians on the border with
Research in the Arctic has always attracted Markham, and he used
every opportunity to conduct them, in different years participating
in campaigns in the Straits of Davis and Lancaster, in Hudson Bay. For
his research activities in these areas, he received the thanks of
the Canadian government. In
1879, together with Henry Gori-Bout, Markham
made an unsuccessful attempt to reach the Franz Josef Land
archipelago on the Polar Bear yacht.
Upon his return Markham took part in two three-year voyages to
the Pacific Ocean: the first as the flag captain of Admiral Stirling
on the Triumph, the second captain of the Vernon, and then the head
of the naval torpedo school. The
last assignment was particularly significant, since Markham was
neither an artillery nor a torpedo specialist. This
appointment testified to the recognition by the authorities of his
brilliant abilities, knowledge and capabilities. However,
the most pleasant and suiting him was the appointment in 1886 to the
post of commander of the training squadron. Here
his abilities of the navigator and the seaman were fully revealed. In
1891 he received the rank of Rear Admiral, a year later he became
deputy commander of the Mediterranean squadron.
Markham combined the naval service with active literary activity,
publishing descriptions of his travels, as well as the biography of J.
Franklin and C.
He was a regular contributor to many publishers and magazines, has
collected extensive collections, some of which are stored in the
Natural History Museum in London. For
many years, Markham was a member of the Council of the Royal
Awarded by the Order
of the Bath.
He died in London.
An island in
the Lincoln Sea northwest of Sverdrup Island.
the north of Hooker Island archipelago Franz Josef Land. Named
in 1895 by F.
the center of the archipelago Franz Josef Land (Markam). Opened
and named in 1874 by Yu.