Maryshev Alexey Vasilyevich 
(07(19).10.1906–14.04.1976)


Ice captain, honorary polar explorer. 
Born in St. Petersburg in the family of employees. After the end of the first class of the real school, he and his father went to the village of Zakharkino, Kalyazin district, Tver province, where he completed schooling. 
At the end of 1924, Maryshev returned to Leningrad, was unemployed for some time, then he entered the workers' cooperative “Proletarsky Soyuz”, where he had to work as a butcher’s apprentice, a salesman’s apprentice, a cashier, and a controller. 
In 1926, Maryshev joined the Diving Base of the People's Commissariat of Communications and began to join the activities to which he dedicated his life. He worked as a sailor, a student of a demolition man on a diving station, sailed on merchant ships, was a boatswain on the passenger ship “Rudzutak”, sailing on the Leningrad-London line. Continuing his studies, he graduated from the navigational department of the training center and received the diploma of the navigator of a small voyage. 
In 1933 Maryshev came to the Arctic as an assistant to the captain of the sailing-motor bot “Gydoyamo”, which was part of the West Taimyr expedition I.A. Landin, and since then his whole life has been devoted to Arctic hydrography. 
In the pre-war years  Maryshev served as the second mate for the "Stalinets" bot, commanded ин the  hydrographic vessel "Professor Wiese", the hydrographic vessel "Papanin" that wintered in Knipovich Bay and served as the base for the hydrographic expedition in the Taimyr Gulf. 
During the war years, Maryshev worked on the Northern Sea Route, including in the areas where German submarines and aircraft operated. On September 14, 1942 the hydrographic vessel "Yakutia", which by this time he commanded, met in Techeniy Strait in Minin's skerries anchored enemy submarine. Fortunately, because of the extensive shallow water of the skerry, the boat was unable to attack the unarmed vessel, and Yakutia managed to escape under the coast. In the future, Captain Maryshev often met with Nazi submarines and happily avoided danger. 
In 1943  Maryshev became the captain of the icebreaker steamer "Taimyr", shortly before it was damaged in a bank in the Yenisei Gulf. During the repair and wintering on Dixon, he taught navigation in the courses of the training center. Among his students was then the sailor Yu.S. Kuchiev, who later became the captain of the Arktika nuclear-powered icebreaker, the Hero of Socialist Labor. Kuchiev served with Maryshev, the third assistant captain on the Taimyr, then they sailed together on the Makarov icebreaker in the Baltic Sea. The renowned captain forever retained his gratitude to his teacher, often visiting him in recent years in Leningrad. 
Military services of Maryshev were awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of 1 degree, medals "For the Defense of the Soviet Arctic" and "For the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.".
After the war, Maryshev’s work in the Arctic continued. Not everyone liked his independent character. Working on small ships, he did not like petty tutelage, did not like to seek help even from icebreakers, counting on his own experience, ability and skill of navigation in ice. And he had every reason to. The voyage made by him along the Northern Sea Route on a wooden vessel “Temp”, which was carried out in just 16 days, entered the history of navigation in the Arctic. Polarists-hydrographs always willingly went to the expeditionary ships, commanded by Maryshev, knowing that, despite any difficulties, the planned tasks will be completed. 
Until 1966  the famous captain was in the ranks, commanded the hydrographic vessels "Mogilev", "Ost", "Explorer" and others.

 

Hydrographic vessel "Temp" in Tiksi Bay


He died in Leningrad. He was buried in the Northern cemetery. 
Cape in the Gulf of Toll on the coast of Taimyr. The name was approved by the decision of the Krasnoyarsk Regional Executive Committee of November 26, 1976, as proposed by the navy hydrographic enterprise.

 

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