Matusevich Nikolay Nikolaevich
professor, doctor of physico-mathematical sciences,
engineer-vice-admiral, honored worker of science and technology,
vice-president of the Geographical Society of the USSR, participant
of many Arctic expeditions.
Born in Nikolaev, Kherson Province, in the family of a naval
1898 he graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps and was promoted to
graduation consisted of 51 officers, and in the list of progress
Matusevich was in ninth place. In
his diploma was written: "In practical maritime matter is very
After graduation he served in the Black Sea and the Pacific
Ocean, where he gained excellent practical knowledge and skills.
In 1904 Matusevich graduated from the first category with the
introduction of the hydrographic department of the Maritime Academy
on the marble board. Education
at the Academy, where such outstanding scientists as Academicians A.N. Krylov and B.B. Golitsyn,
Professors N.Ya. Tsinger and I.B. Spindler gave
Matusevich an excellent physical and mathematical training, who
served him well in the subsequent scientific, practical and
During the Russo-Japanese War he served as a senior navigator on
the "Terek" cruiser, which was part of the squadron of Vice Admiral
the war, intending to pursue science, Matusevich decided to further
strengthen his mathematical training, for which he went to the
reserve, and entered in 1907 the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics
of St. Petersburg University, which he graduated two years later
with a diploma of 1 degree. In
1909 he returned to the fleet and was assigned to the
Main Hydrographic Office, which
sent him on an internship in astronomy and geodesy at the Pulkovo
Observatory under the beginning of the famous scientist F.F. Vitram. Having
prepared and defended a thesis on the development of a method for
determining the time using radio signals, Matusevich received the
title of surveyor hydrograph.
In 1911 Matusevich led an expedition to photograph the White
Sea, and from that moment for many years, with a break for
participation in the First World War, he led the hydrographic work
mainly in the White and Barents Seas. During
the war, when the hydrographic work in the North temporarily ceased,
Matusevich was assigned to carry out special work on the Baltic Sea.
The pre-revolutionary period of service of Matusevich was awarded
with the Order of St.
Vladimir of the 3rd degree, St.Anna
of the 3rd degree,
St.Stanislav of the 2nd
3rd degrees, with the
Memory of the 300th Anniversary of the Reign of the Romanovs", "In
Memory 200 the years of the battle at Ganggut”, “For
the trip toChina”.
After the revolution in the winter of 1917-1918
organized a temporary navigator class, and in the fall of 1918 the
navigator unit for the training of fleet commanders, whom he
commanded until 1923.
In 1923 under his leadership, a weather station was organized on
Novaya Zemlya near the eastern entrance to Matochkin Shar. In
1924, this station was deployed to the northernmost permanent
geophysical observatory in the world.
Since 1924 systematic hydrographic work began in the North, for
which the Northern Hydrographic Expedition was formed, which
Matusevich led for twenty years. The
expeditions covered the White Sea, the Murmansk coast, the shores of
Novaya Zemlya. Personally
Matusevich made definitions of the main astronomical points in
Arkhangelsk and Kandalaksha and about 30 points in other areas. Northern
Hidrographic expedition was a genuine school of hydrographs.
VO 2 line house 35. Here in the apartment 19 lived
at the time of 1934
Along with the expeditionary activity, he conducted scientific
and pedagogical work, giving lectures in the Shturmansky class, at
the Naval Hydrographic School and the Leningrad University. In
1931 Matusevich resigned from the post of Chief of the
Northern Hidrographic expedition and
completely switched to teaching at the Naval Academy, and after
leaving the post he headed the department at the Higher Arctic
School named after S.O. Makarov. He
wrote numerous works dealing with issues of navigation, geodesy,
hydrography, and applied mathematics.
Matusevich did a lot of work in the Geographical Society of the
USSR, becoming a full member in 1912. Since
1935, he headed the Department of Mathematical and Physical
Geography, and after their separation remained chairman of the
Department of Mathematical Geography. This
post was considered very honorable, since before Matusevich it was
occupied by such eminent scientists as V.Ya. Struve,
N.A. Ivashintsev, A.A. Tillo, V.V. Vitkovsky, N.Ya.Tsinger. In
1947 after the Second All-Union Geographical Congress, he was
elected vice-president of the society.
Matusevich had numerous government awards, including the Order
of Lenin, the Red
Banner and the Red
Banner of Labor and
the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945." and "The
twentieth years of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army".
He was buried in St. Petersburg at the Literatorsky
footbridge of the Volkovsky cemetery: a granite monument.
The peninsula and the bay on
the east coast of the northern island of New Earth. The
peninsula was named in 1921 by a hydrographic expedition under the
direction of N.V. Rose. The
bay was discovered and named in 1950 by the hydrographic expedition
No. 4 of
the Main Directorate of the Northern Sea Route
the northeast of the island of the October Revolution of the
archipelago Severnaya Zemlya. Opened
and named in 1913 by the Arctic Ocean Hydrographic Expedition.
the northwest of the island of Graham Bell Archipelago Franz Josef
by Soviet cartographers in the 1950s.
The river on
the island of the October Revolution, which flows into the river