Matusevich Nikolay Nikolaevich 

Hydrograph-surveyor, professor, doctor of physico-mathematical sciences, engineer-vice-admiral, honored worker of science and technology, vice-president of the Geographical Society of the USSR, participant of many Arctic expeditions. 
Born in Nikolaev, Kherson Province, in the family of a naval officer. In 1898 he graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps and was promoted to midshipman. The graduation consisted of 51 officers, and in the list of progress Matusevich was in ninth place. In his diploma was written: "In practical maritime matter is very capable". 
After graduation  he served in the Black Sea and the Pacific Ocean, where he gained excellent practical knowledge and skills. 
In 1904  Matusevich graduated from the first category with the introduction of the hydrographic department of the Maritime Academy on the marble board. Education at the Academy, where such outstanding scientists as Academicians A.N. Krylov and B.B. Golitsyn, Professors N.Ya. Tsinger and   I.B. Spindler gave Matusevich an excellent physical and mathematical training, who served him well in the subsequent scientific, practical and pedagogical activity. 
During the Russo-Japanese War  he served as a senior navigator on the "Terek" cruiser, which was part of the squadron of Vice Admiral Rozhestvensky. After the war, intending to pursue science, Matusevich decided to further strengthen his mathematical training, for which he went to the reserve, and entered in 1907 the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of St. Petersburg University, which he graduated two years later with a diploma of 1 degree. In 1909 he returned to the fleet and was assigned to the
Main Hydrographic Office, which sent him on an internship in astronomy and geodesy at the Pulkovo Observatory under the beginning of the famous scientist F.F. Vitram. Having prepared and defended a thesis on the development of a method for determining the time using radio signals, Matusevich received the title of surveyor hydrograph. 
In 1911  Matusevich led an expedition to photograph the White Sea, and from that moment for many years, with a break for participation in the First World War, he led the hydrographic work mainly in the White and Barents Seas. 
During the war, when the hydrographic work in the North temporarily ceased, Matusevich was assigned to carry out special work on the Baltic Sea.

The pre-revolutionary period of service of Matusevich was awarded with the Order of St. Vladimir of the 3rd degree, St.Anna of the 3rd degree, St.Stanislav of the 2nd and 3rd degrees, with the medal "In Memory of the 300th Anniversary of the Reign of the Romanovs", "In Memory 200 the years of the battle at Ganggut”, “For the trip toChina”. 
After the revolution in the winter of 1917-1918  he organized a temporary navigator class, and in the fall of 1918 the navigator unit for the training of fleet commanders, whom he commanded until 1923. 
In 1923  under his leadership, a weather station was organized on Novaya Zemlya near the eastern entrance to Matochkin Shar. In 1924, this station was deployed to the northernmost permanent geophysical observatory in the world. 
Since 1924  systematic hydrographic work began in the North, for which the Northern Hydrographic Expedition was formed, which Matusevich led for twenty years. The expeditions covered the White Sea, the Murmansk coast, the shores of Novaya Zemlya. Personally Matusevich made definitions of the main astronomical points in Arkhangelsk and Kandalaksha and about 30 points in other areas. Northern Hidrographic expedition was a genuine school of hydrographs.


VO 2 line house 35. Here in the apartment 19 lived N.N. Matusevich at the time of 1934

Along with the expeditionary activity, he conducted scientific and pedagogical work, giving lectures in the Shturmansky class, at the Naval Hydrographic School and the Leningrad University. In 1931  Matusevich resigned from the post of Chief of the Northern Hidrographic expedition and completely switched to teaching at the Naval Academy, and after leaving the post he headed the department at the Higher Arctic School named after S.O. Makarov. He wrote numerous works dealing with issues of navigation, geodesy, hydrography, and applied mathematics. 
Matusevich did a lot of work in the Geographical Society of the USSR, becoming a full member in 1912. Since 1935, he headed the Department of Mathematical and Physical Geography, and after their separation remained chairman of the Department of Mathematical Geography. This post was considered very honorable, since before Matusevich it was occupied by such eminent scientists as V.Ya. Struve, N.A. Ivashintsev, A.A. Tillo, V.V. Vitkovsky, N.Ya.Tsinger.
 In 1947  after the Second All-Union Geographical Congress, he was elected vice-president of the society. 
Matusevich had numerous government awards, including the Order of Lenin, the Red Banner and the Red Banner of Labor and medals "For the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945." and "The twentieth years of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army". 
He was buried in St. Petersburg at the Literatorsky footbridge of the Volkovsky cemetery: a granite monument. 
The peninsula and the bay on the east coast of the northern island of New Earth. The peninsula was named in 1921 by a hydrographic expedition under the direction of N.V. Rose. The bay was discovered and named in 1950 by the hydrographic expedition No. 4 of
the Main Directorate of the Northern Sea Route 
Fjord in the northeast of the island of the October Revolution of the archipelago Severnaya Zemlya. Opened and named in 1913 by the Arctic Ocean Hydrographic Expedition. 
Bay in the northwest of the island of Graham Bell Archipelago Franz Josef Land. Named by Soviet cartographers in the 1950s. 
The river on the island of the October Revolution, which flows into the river Ushakov.


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