Mikhailov Konstantin Ivanovich
(14.09.1838 - 14.10.1918)
for Admiralty, explorer of the Caspian, Black and Baltic Seas.
Born in St. Petersburg in the family of a petty official of the
Ministry of State Property. At
the age of 9 Mikhailov was given to the Alexander Military Corps,
and two years later transferred to the Naval Cadet Corps. Still,
being a midshipman, in 1856 he participated in the hostilities on
the Baltic Sea against the Anglo-French squadron. After
graduating from the corps in 1857 he received the rank of
midshipman and was left in the officer class to continue his
In the period 1860–1874 Mikhailov
was in various positions engaged in hydrographic work in the Caspian
Sea, and in 1876–1884 he led an expedition to survey the northern
coast of the Black Sea. Since
1885 he was seconded to the Main Hydrographic Department, was
engaged in shooting Lake Onega and the Baltic Sea, in 1891 became an
assistant head of the Main Hydrographic Department, and a year later for excellent service he
received the rank of major general.
In 1898 Mikhailov was promoted to lieutenant general and headed
the State University, remaining on this post until 1903. His
activity was very fruitful. He initiated the development of a plan
for the development of a network of lighthouses in the Pacific
Ocean, and their active construction began. Intensive
work was carried out on a comprehensive survey of the Yellow Sea and
hydrographic work along the Arctic coast of Russia from the Yenisei
to the White Sea. Military
research vessels engaged in the protection of marine industries
began to be involved in research, and for the first time in the
Baltic Sea, ice metering was used. A
fundamental technical revolution, which simplified and improved the
process of reissue and multi-color printing of maps, occurred in the
cartographic and publishing business.
Mikhailov did a lot in the development of research projects. With
his active support, a Russian-Swedish expedition on the “degree
measurement” on Spitsbergen and the famous Russian Polar expedition were organized. Mikhailov
was an active member of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society,
an honorary member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, a
member of the Council of the Russian Astronomical Society, a member
of the Board of the Russian Society for Water Rescue.
Mikhailov’s last duty station was the Chief Naval Court, of which
he was a member from 1903 to 1909, after which, in the rank of full
admiralty general, he was retired due to age. He
died in Petrograd.
the northwest coast of the island Vaigach. Named
in 1902 by the hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean under the
leadership of A.I.
the west coast of Taimyr. It
was described and mapped in 1931 by members of the Komseveroputi
expedition aboard the ship “Belukha” under the direction of
A.K. Burke and
named after the cape, located on this peninsula.
the west coast of Taimyr. Named
in 1906 when mapping Russian Polar expedition.
the Mikhailov Peninsula in the Kara Sea. Described
and mapped by Soviet hydrographs no later than 1934. Named
on the peninsula.