Moiseev Stepan Andreevich
round-the-world navigator, explorer of the Baltic Sea and the
Born in St. Petersburg Province in the family of an officer. From
1823 to 1827 Moiseev studied at the navigational school, then he was
transferred to the cadets of the 1st navigator's half-crew. At
the age of 16-17 years old, he participated in combat operations
against Turkey in the Marmara and Aegean Seas, then in 1830 with the
squadron M.P. Lazarev
went around Europe and returned to Kronstadt.
In 1831–1833 Moiseev
served on the Baltic Sea, was engaged in the inventory and
measurement of Finnish skerries as part of the expedition M.F.Reineke.
In 1834–1836 he was the conductor of the Naval Navigator Corps
under the command of Lieutenant Commander I.I. Shants made
a round-the-world voyage on military transport "America".
The first Arctic exploration of Moiseev is associated with the Novaya
the leadership of A.K. Tsivolka in
1838–1839 he was shooting the northern island of the archipelago,
commanding the schooner "Svalbard".
After Tsivolki's death Moiseev led the expedition. In
the spring of 1839 he tried to penetrate to the Kara coast through
lip, which he considered to be a strait. However,
it immediately became clear that people exhausted by wintering had
no strength to move. In
addition many sailors had snow disease. I
had to return, but a few days later, when the eye inflammation
passed, Moiseev made a new, this time successful attempt to walk to
the Krestovaya Bay. Having
established that it was a lip, not a strait, Moiseev with four
satellites began to move to the Kara coast, but soon realized that
his weaker satellites could not do this. For
several days we were engaged in shooting the Cross Bay, and on April
19 we returned to the winter hut. The
situation here was bleak: one person died, other patients recovered
slowly, only three people remained healthy. However,
in spite of all the troubles and illnesses, Moiseev and his
assistants did not stop weather observations for a single day, and
from the middle of May they also began magnetic measurements.
At the beginning of July Moiseev went north on a karbas, but at
the very beginning of his journey, the small boat was driven by a
strong wind ashore. Killed
part of the provisions, and had to fit out again. Moiseev
sent the schooner "Novaya Zemlya" with an inventory to the south,
and he again went to the north on the boat and described the western
coast to the lip Mashigina.
At the very beginning of August, the travelers left the cabin,
and on the schooner "Svalbard" headed south. “They
left in the hut, according to the common custom of the Pomeranians,
an image, several crackers, flour, broth, salted cod, oregano,
sulfur, and two fireboxes of wood in case there is some distressed
wanderer here. Forgiven
and with the grave of our comrades ...". Having
Maly Karmakuly camp, for two weeks they kept an inventory of
Moller Bay. September
8 arrived in Arkhangelsk.Of the 30 members of the expedition
returned 21 people.
In subsequent years Moiseev served in the Baltic, headed the
winter survey work on the Neva and its sleeves.
The next meeting of Moiseev with the Arctic took place forty
years later, when he, already with the rank of colonel, led an
expedition to explore the
Ob and Ob Bay. By
this time, the long-time seafarer was surveyed in various parts of
the Baltic Sea.
In 1884 Moiseev was promoted to major general and dismissed by
He died in St. Petersburg and was buried in the Smolensk Orthodox
grave could not be found.
of the island of Taimyr in the Kara Sea. Named
in 1901 by Russiah Polar expedition.
the southeastern coast of the Bolshaya Karmakulskaya bay of the
southern island of Novaya Zemlya. In
the 1880s it was named the Cape of Ensign Moiseyev. The
modern name appeared in the 1930s.
the western coast of the Rogachev Peninsula on the southern island
of Novaya Zemlya. Named
by member of the expedition A.K. Tsivolka
conductor A. Kerner in 1839.
the southwestern shore of the Matochkin Shar Strait. In
1925 Called the commission of the Northern Hydrographic
Expedition led by N.I. Yevgenov.