Moller Anton Vasilievich (Otto Berend)
Anton Vasilievich Moller was a representative of the family, who arrived in 1530 from Germany to Livonia. During the Swedish domination, the Mollers served as the Swedish crown and considered Stockholm their capital. After the accession of Livonia and Estland to Russia in 1710, St. Petersburg became the capital for most of them, where they began to send their sons to study: first in the cadet corps, later - in the page corps.
Mollers participated in all the wars that Russia waged on land and at sea from the 18th to the early 20th centuries. They were patriots of Russia and, like many other ostzheytsy, enjoyed the location of Russian rulers, who believed that with the help of the pilgrims the army and navy would be able to join the European culture.
Moller was born on the island of Ezel (Saaremaa) in his ancestral estate Mustel (Moustila), was educated in the Naval Cadet Corps. As a midshipman served on the frigate "Natalia", which crashed in the North Sea. The officers and midshipmen of the frigate were in Holland. Midshipmen did not return to Russia, and at the behest of Empress Catherine II they were sent to London to complete the training course and placed in the maritime academy.
After graduation, Moller from 1783 to 1792 served on the Caspian Sea, commanding small vessels, made an inventory of the coast, participated in the march to Baku.
In 1792 he was transferred from Astrakhan to St. Petersburg. In the period from 1793 to 1795 in the summertime, Anton Vasilyevich constantly spent in voyages on the Baltic Sea.
In 1795 Moller became the commander of the frigate "Archipelago", where he took an active part in the blockade of the Dutch fleet, escorted Russian and English transports to the North Sea, and contributed to the landing of the English landing force on the Dutch coast. On the 74-gun frigate "Mstislav", which became part of the British squadron, he participated in the capture of the Dutch fleet, taking possession of the Dutch ship.
After returning to Kronstadt Moller took an active part in the reconstruction of the port of Revel, sailed in the Baltic Sea, in 1810 commanded the port of Kronstadt, and in 1812 headed the training fleet.
From 1814 he continued to lead the port of Revel, in the summer he commanded squadrons, one of which in 1817 brought to Cadiz for sale in Spain.
From 1821 Moller began his service in the top command positions of the Russian Navy. He was appointed Chief of the Naval Headquarters of Russia and Head of the Naval Ministry. In these posts, he did a lot to reform the maritime department, which came to a complete decline under the Marquis de Traverse. In 1828, already in the rank of Vice-Admiral Moller, he headed the Marine Ministry and was introduced to the Council of State, showing excellent organizational skills in these posts. When he was under the jurisdiction of the ministry, ship scaffolding was transferred, the naval cadet corps were reorganized, officer classes were established, the naval navigator corps, the naval training crew that trained naval engineers were established, and other progressive transformations were carried out. In 1829, Moller became a full admiral, having served in this rank until his retirement due to illness in 1836. Although his bodily forces in the last years of his life were almost abandoned, his mental and mental powers remained in him in amazing freshness until the last minute of his life. He died in Petersburg in the circle of his numerous family .
He was buried in the family place Mollers at the Volkovsky Lutheran cemetery.
The merits of Moller are awarded with the Order of St. Anna of 1 degree, St. Vladimir of 1 and 2 degrees, St. George of 4 degrees, the Spanish Order of Charles III of the Grand Cross, the diamond sign of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky.
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