Nazimov Pavel Nikolaevich
navigator, vice-admiral, world traveler, explorer of the Pacific
The ancient noble family of the Nazimovs was well known in the
Pskov region. Pre-revolutionary
encyclopedias mention the Nazimov who fought near Pskov during the
Nazimov’s father was Vice-Admiral N.N. Nazimov. The
brothers, Nikolai, Alexander and Konstantin, also became naval
The boy received his initial upbringing at home under the
supervision of his mother. At
the age of 7, he was assigned to the Maritime Division of the
Alexander Cadet Corps in Tsarskoye Selo, then he moved to the Naval
Cadet Corps in St. Petersburg. In
1849 as part of the Guards, he made a land voyage from St.
Petersburg to Belostok, a year later, on the frigate Pallas, went on
hikes along the Baltic Sea.
In the years 1852-1853 Nazimov served as a lieutenant in the
Dvina transport under the command of PN. Bessarabian. They
passed from Kronstadt around the Cape of Good Hope and Tasmania to
returned to Petersburg through Okhotsk and Siberia.
During the Crimean War, Nazimov participated in the defense of
Kronstadt from the attack of the Anglo-French fleet. At
the end of it, during the years 1855-1857 he sailed in Western
European waters, and in 1858 he was seconded to the Russian
consulate in Hakodate (Japan), where he served for three years.
The history of the Russian fleet included the campaign of the
corvette "Vityaz" in 1870–1871 under the command of Captain 2nd Rank
Nazimov around South America into the Pacific Ocean, at the request
Imperial Russian Geographical Society.
was landed on the bank of New Guinea.
In the book of M.S. Kolesnikov
"Miklouho-Maclay" describes this journey in detail. At
first, Nazimov reacted with disbelief to his passenger: “For the
sake of this abnormal subject, I was ordered to change the ship’s
route, to drag God knows where — and, contrary to common sense, to
land a young man, sick, exhausted and also almost unarmed, deprived
of livelihood, ashore, inhabited by cannibals. No,
gentlemen, reason does not want to put up with it. I
would not like to participate in such a criminal event .. " In
turn, Miklouho-Maclay wrote to his friends: “Life on a military
vessel and with such subjects as Nazimov is not particularly
pleasant, however, it is possible”. But
life has put everything in its place. These
outstanding people appreciated each other. Nazimov
provided Miklouho-Maclay during the trip with money, helped him
settle down on the island, provided him with provisions and
everything that was possible and necessary for him. When
“Vityaz” left New Guinea, Miklouho-Maclay wrote: “Farewell, dear
friends, whom I managed to fall in love with whom I managed to
become related ... Farewell, kind-hearted man, Pavel Nikolayevich,
honest and unselfish ...”.
Nazimov's active naval life lasted until 1891 and was associated
mainly with campaigns in the Pacific Ocean. The
last two years with the rank of vice-admiral, he commanded a Pacific
During the years 1892-1898 Nazimov headed the Main Hydrographic
Department, was a member of the Confederation of the Nikolaev
Maritime Academy. Since
1894 he is a member of the Admiralty Council.
He was awarded the Order of St.
Alexander Nevsky, St. Vladimir 3 and 4 degrees, St.
Anne 3 degrees, Japanese Rising
Sun 4 degrees and the
He died in St. Petersburg and was buried at the Volkovsky
Orthodox cemetery, a family burial.
the west coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya. Named
in 1913 by G.Ya. Sedov.
the south of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya in the Belushie