Neumayer Georg 

Outstanding German physicogeographer, hydrograph. He was the younger comrade of the great A. Humboldt, whose friendship and fellowship had an enormous influence on his entire life and scientific activities. 
Born in Neustadt am Haardt. Even as a child, he was fascinated by Antarctic expeditions conducted in the period 1837-1843. 
After graduating from a course at the University of Munich in 1850, Neameyer traveled for six years in South America and Australia, conducted oceanographic and magnetic research, worked as a prospector. Returning to Europe in 1856, he made an unsuccessful attempt to participate in an Antarctic expedition. 
In 1857 Neumayer sponsored by King Maximilian of Bavaria organized a magneto-meteorological observatory in Melbourne, the director of which was 1864. While living in Melbourne, he actively promoted research in the interior of Australia. 
One of the most important affairs of Neymayer’s life was the organization of the German Maritime Observatory in Hamburg, which he headed from the moment of its foundation in 1876 until his retirement in 1903. This institution, which included a number of outstanding scientists, made a significant contribution to the development of marine and synoptic meteorology. 
Neumayer took an active part in organizing studies of the high latitudes of the northern and southern hemispheres, especially the latter, reminded of their necessity at congresses and congresses; he was rightly considered the first expert on the high latitudes of the southern hemisphere. With his close participation, the German magnetometeorological stations were equipped, which made observations in 1881–1882  
in Kingua-fjord in the Canadian Arctic archipelago and on the island of South Georgia to the southeast of South America, the American station, headed by A. Greeley and working at Fort Conger on Ellesmere Island.

He died in Neustadt on the Weinstrasse. 
Being an outstanding scientist, organizer of science, Neymeyer also possessed remarkable human qualities. In the obituary on the occasion of his death, it is written that “the death of Dr. Neymeyer caused sincere sadness among geographers of the whole world. Dr. Niemeyer lives in our memory as an exceptionally merciful person, whose beautiful features were always illuminated by majestic kindness, which spoke of a noble and generous heart”.  
A peninsula in the southeast of King William Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

Cape in the northeast of the island of Luigi Amadeo near the northern coast of Greenland in the Lincoln Sea.

Cape on the island of Sabin in the Greenland Sea near the coast of East Greenland.

Mountain on the island of West Svalbard.

Strait between the islands of Hohenlohe and Rudolph in the archipelago of Franz-Josef Land. Discovered by Yu. Payer in 1874. Named later.


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