German physicogeographer, hydrograph. He
was the younger comrade of the great
A. Humboldt, whose friendship
and fellowship had an enormous influence on his entire life and
Born in Neustadt am Haardt. Even
as a child, he was fascinated by Antarctic expeditions conducted in
the period 1837-1843.
After graduating from a course at the University of Munich in
1850, Neameyer traveled for six years in South America and
Australia, conducted oceanographic and magnetic research, worked as
a prospector. Returning
to Europe in 1856, he made an unsuccessful attempt to participate in
an Antarctic expedition.
In 1857 Neumayer sponsored by King Maximilian of Bavaria
organized a magneto-meteorological observatory in Melbourne, the
director of which was 1864. While
living in Melbourne, he actively promoted research in the interior
One of the most important affairs of Neymayer’s life was the
organization of the German Maritime Observatory in Hamburg, which he
headed from the moment of its foundation in 1876 until his
retirement in 1903. This
institution, which included a number of outstanding scientists, made
a significant contribution to the development of marine and synoptic
Neumayer took an active part in organizing studies of the high
latitudes of the northern and southern hemispheres, especially the
latter, reminded of their necessity at congresses and congresses; he
was rightly considered the first expert on the high latitudes of the
southern hemisphere. With
his close participation, the German magnetometeorological stations
were equipped, which made observations in 1881–1882
Kingua-fjord in the Canadian Arctic archipelago and on the island of
South Georgia to the southeast of South America, the American
station, headed by A.
Greeley and working
at Fort Conger on Ellesmere
He died in Neustadt
on the Weinstrasse.
Being an outstanding scientist, organizer of science, Neymeyer
also possessed remarkable human qualities. In
the obituary on the occasion of his death, it is written that “the
death of Dr. Neymeyer caused sincere sadness among geographers of
the whole world. Dr.
Niemeyer lives in our memory as an exceptionally merciful person,
whose beautiful features were always illuminated by majestic
kindness, which spoke of a noble and generous heart”.
A peninsula in
the southeast of King William Island in the Canadian Arctic
the northeast of the island of Luigi Amadeo near the northern coast
of Greenland in the Lincoln Sea.
the island of Sabin in the Greenland Sea near the coast of East
the island of West Svalbard.
the islands of Hohenlohe and Rudolph in the archipelago
of Franz-Josef Land. Discovered
Payer in 1874. Named