Neupokoev Konstantin Konstantinovich
explorer of the Arctic.
Born in St. Petersburg in the hereditary maritime family. For
him, the fate of the naval officer was predetermined by the old
Catherine’s decree, which prescribed all the men of the Neupokhaev
family to serve in the navy. Neupokoev's
father, Konstantin Mikhailovich, served under the leadership of M.F. Reineke was
shooting the Baltic Sea, where six cans are named after him. He
retired with the rank of Major General of the Navy Naval Corps.
Of the twelve children of Konstantin Mikhailovich, four sons
graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps.
The eldest, Vladimir, in 1894 as part of the crew of the cruiser
"Herald (Vestnik)" participated in the shooting of the coast of the Kola
Peninsula in 1900-1901. made
meteorological and hydrographic observations during the cruises of
"the Yermak" icebreaker under the direction of S.О. Makarov,
explored the Pacific Ocean. From
the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905 left
with a wound and the Order of St. Anne 3 degrees, in 1905 he was
dismissed from service with the rank of captain 2 rank. He
is rightfully considered the founder of the Vladivostok Naval
School, which he managed until his death in 1912.
Leonid was shot dead in 1905 during an uprising on the battleship
Potemkin, a well-known Soviet people sailor Matyushenko.
The youngest, Dmitry, in 1908 served as a mine officer in the
Russian squadron that assisted victims of the Messina earthquake,
was awarded the Italian silver medal. His
military achievements during the First World War were marked by two
Orders of St.
Anna and the Order of St.
Vladimir, 4 degrees.
Not only the old decree, but to a greater extent his own ardent
desire led Constantine to the Marine Corps, where his brilliant
abilities immediately manifested themselves, especially in
of the best he graduated from the corps, having received a prize for
them for academic success. P.S. Nakhimov.
Upon graduation in 1905 Neupokoev was sent to the Far East,
where the Russian-Japanese war was still going on. He
began service on warships, and after the completion of military
operations in the position of senior navigator of the "Shilka"
transport, he made an inventory of the Kwantung Peninsula and the
eastern coast of Kamchatka, carried out measurements in the Far
Eastern seas. Swimming
in the little-studied and difficult to navigate places became for
him an excellent maritime school. Having
chosen the navigator's business from numerous marine specialties, he
achieved great success, becoming in a short time one of the best
navigators in the Far East.
The most important stage in the life of Neupokoev was
participation in the hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean. He
turned out to be one of the few officers who took part in all five
voyages of the expedition, having gone through all its sorrows and
rightfully dividing all its successes and achievements.
Neupokoev was appointed one of the assistants to the chief of the
expedition and the senior navigator of the "Vaigach" icebreaking
steamer, where he also supervised hydrographic work while performing
navigator duties. These
works of the expedition, due to the specifics of the tasks facing
it, were not ordinary, not systematic. Including
most of the difficulties of hydrographic work in the Arctic seas, at
the same time they required a great deal of navigator experience and
the ability to understand the most complicated situation. According
to colleagues in this regard, Neupokoev stood out sharply from among
his comrades. By
virtue of his abilities, propensity to analyze, natural talent in
assessing the distribution of ice, the ability to determine his
location, he was absolutely indispensable. His
friend N.I. Eugenov wrote:
“I, who had sailed with him on the Expedition for three years,
personally had to marvel at how calmly, with what endurance
Konstantin Konstantinovich was guiding the ship. In
1915 the vessels of the Expedition "Taimyr" and "Vaigach" for
release from the ice shackles for wintering owe their successful
exit to clean water in the future to a large extent
K.K-chu. Involuntarily, a picture of the brilliant maneuvers of the
Vaigach in the Mathisen Strait and the withdrawal of vessels from
the Dawn of the Fram Strait amid heavy ice further west come up
before my eyes. And
all this is because K.K. Neupokoev was on the
"Vaigach" trying to get out of the ice with the help of
(from the archive of N.I.
The role of Neupokoev is great in the scientific achievements of
the expedition. They
produced a marine inventory with "Vaigach". Together
with L.V. Sakharov,
he developed the first scheme of surface currents for the western
part of the Chukchi Sea, made a huge contribution to hydrographic
research, processing of cartographic materials and their subsequent
by Neupokoev and later published “Materials on the Siberian Sea
Locations” were valuable and for a long time the only published
material of the expedition. And,
finally, Neupokoev along with N.I. Evgenov
on Vaigach and L.M. Starokadomsky on
the "Taimyr" September 3, 1913 first saw the Northern
Sit: extreme left K.K. Neupokoev,
the fifth - E.E.
sixth - N.I. Eugenov. 1913
(from the archive of N.I. Evgenov)
Possessing excellent professional qualities, being a seaman by
vocation, Neupokoev, in the opinion of his comrades, was
distinguished by his calmness, prudence, and kindheartedness towards
his research, he was awarded the Order of St.
Stanislav 2 degrees.
In 1916–1918 Neupokoev
commanded the Vaigach and the powerful icebreaker Svyatogor
the revolution, he appealed to the command of the Soviet naval
forces in Arkhangelsk with a proposal to organize a hydrographic
expedition from Arkhangelsk to the mouth of the Lena. The
key to successful implementation of this project, in his opinion,
was the experience of navigation in the hydrographic expedition of
the Arctic Ocean in 1910–1915. For
the work, he asked the steamer "Hoarfrost" with a team of 15 people. Permission
was obtained, preparations were well under way, but all plans were
frustrated by the intervention.
After the end of the civil war, Neupokoev led the Ob-Yenisei
detachment of the famous Kars expedition of 1920 (the bread
June – July, the detachment conducted hydrographic works and an
inventory of the mouth
areas of the Ob and Yenisei. The
measurements of the Yenisei's throat were made, and the icebreaking
steamer “Vaigach” sitting on the pitfalls was examined. Since
1920, the Neupokoev detachment has developed its activities in the
areas of the Ob Bay, the Yenisei Bay, the lower reaches of the Ob
and the Yenisei, providing Kara expeditions, which are vital for the
country's economy. Hydrographic
work under the leadership of Neupokoev was continued in the
Ob-Yenisei region in 1921.
Taking into account the scope and importance of the tasks facing
the Ob-Yenisei detachment, in 1922 it was reorganized into
Ubekosibir, Neupokoi became its first head. In
the summer Neupokoev personally overtook the Metel hydrographic
vessel from Petrograd on the Yenisei. It
was the first foreign campaign of the courts of the young Soviet
Russia, about which now very few people know.
The scale of the personality of Neupokoev, as a person and a
specialist, allowed him to become a leader capable of solving
strategic tasks that go beyond navigation. He
was a participant in a number of meetings that had a wide
interdepartmental nature. In
1923 Neupokoev was assigned the task of developing and building
marine lighters intended for navigation on the Northern Sea Route. He
sought to expand the scope of activities Ubekosibiri. In
December 1923 the Polar Commission of the USSR Academy of Sciences
heard a report by Neupokoev on the possibilities of Lena coastal
Neupokoev's colleagues, friends, all who had to deal with him, in
addition to the highest professionalism of Konstantin
Konstantinovich noted his extreme modesty, compassion, goodwill and
“being a very modest man, he did not receive, perhaps, that fame in
wide circles, on which he was entitled to count, although among the
leaders of the north, the name of K.K. Neupokoeva
always enjoyed great weight. Meeting
with him on the shore, in a private conversation it was difficult to
imagine that you were a famous, brave explorer and a brilliant
Neupokoev's tireless work, full of energy, new ideas and plans,
was tragically interrupted after an unsuccessful operation of
left in the prime of life, having failed to do much and left his
wife with three small children (the younger one, also named
Konstantin, was born six weeks after the death of his father). I
was lucky enough to talk with Konstantinov Konstantinovich Neupokoev
Jr. shortly before his death, visit his house, get typewritten
materials about the Neupokoevs, drink a glass of cognac with him.
the death of Neupokoeva, for many years vessel
"Neupokoev" led the hydrographic survey in the south-eastern part of
the Kara Sea.
He was buried in Petrograd at Shuvalovskoye cemetery. The
grave, unfortunately, was not preserved.
The island and
the spit in
Gydan Bay. Neupokoev
established his insular position in 1921. Named
Hydrographic Office in the 1930s.
Cape and lagoon in
the south-west of Bolshevik Island. The
cape was discovered in 1914 by a hydrographic expedition of the
Arctic Ocean. Named
later at the request of the head of Ubekosibiri Timofeevskiy and
hydrograph Morozov. Laguna
received its name from the cape in the 1950s.
The bay between
the gulfs of Rusanov and Sedov on the east coast of the northern
island of Novaya Zemlya. Opened
in 1910 V.A. Rusanov and
named after Ilya
Vylka. The name did
The modern name was given in 1925 by the expedition of the Institute
for the Study of the North on the ship "Elding".
the island of Transfiguration in the Laptev Sea. Named
in 1914, the hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean.