Zarzar Valentin Ananevich
(28.02.1899 - 05.09.1933)
Soviet state and military leader, one of the organizers of Soviet aviation, a jurist and geographer.
Born into an intelligent Moldovan family, his father, Ananii Semenovich Zarzar, was the mayor of Kiliya, his brother, Semyon Ananievich Zarzar (1886-1954), a graduate of the law faculty of Novorossiysk University, a member of the Bredovsky march, a well-known lawyer in the city. W.A.Zarzar were also brothers Leonid and Ivan. The merchant family Zarzarov has long been known in Kiliye. Representatives of this kind financed the construction of the famous St. Nicholas Orthodox Church.
At the age of 19, he joined the ranks of the members of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks) Zarzar became a member of the Civil War, fought in the Red Army in battles against General Denikin and the Makhno battalions - a fighter of the Second Cavalry Army, commander of an artillery battery, regiment commissar, head of artillery courses.
After the end of the Civil War, as commander of the army corps, Zarzar graduated from the law faculty of Moscow State University and the Higher Artillery School in Moscow.
Inspired by aviation, V.A. Zarzar came to work in this area and actively participated in the formation of the air fleet of the Soviet country, quickly moving forward in a number of its main leaders. He was one of the organizers of Osoaviakhim and the Society of Friends of the Air Fleet, thereby contributing to the involvement of millions of Soviet people in the creation of national aviation. Zarzar’s position as the Chief Inspector of Civil Aviation of the USSR, a member of the Government Commission for Long-Range Flights, which also included the commander of the 1st rank, S.S. Kamenev and the chief of the USSR Air Fleet, P.I. Baranov.
In 1930, Zarzar was appointed a member of the Presidium of the USSR State Planning Committee - he headed the planning of the aviation industry and the automotive industry. Zarzar combined his duties with Gosplan with the work of the editor of the magazines Samolet, Soviet Air Law, and was in charge of the science and technology department of the Izvestia newspaper. He was the first to raise the question of the need to create special educational institutions for training civil aviation specialists taking into account its specificity, was a participant in the most difficult flights on the first Soviet aircraft in unexplored places in Siberia, one of the organizers of the search and rescue of the Umberto Nobile expedition on the airship "Italy" in 1928 year, the head of the trans-European flight in 1929 on the route Moscow-Berlin-Paris-Rome-Marseille-London-Warsaw-Moscow. Aircraft designs A.N. Tupolev ANT-9 "Wings of the Soviets" (the first pilot, M.M. Gromov) took off from the Moscow Central Aerodrome "Tushino" on July 10, 1929. The trans-European flight of the ANT-9 was conducted by a special decree of the USSR Government to demonstrate the achievements of the Soviet aircraft industry, the chief Expedition was Zarzar. Onboard were the leading aircraft designer of the Tupolev Design Bureau A.A.Arkhangelsky, as a technical manager of the flight, journalists A.N. Harry, M.Ye. Koltsov and his brother, cartoonist B.E. Yefimov. This flight was the Hero of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Mikhailovich Gromov, later described in detail in his book "In Heaven and on Earth".
Zarzar’s life was tragically cut short as a result of a plane crash near Lopesnia station near Moscow. It claimed the lives of three more major leaders of Soviet aviation: the chief of the Main Aviation Industry Directorate of the People's Commissariat of the USSR P.I. Baranov, Head of the Main Directorate of the Civil Air Fleet A.Z. Holtzman and Head of the Filevsky Aviation Plant S.P. Gorbunov.
Zarzar was buried in Moscow at the New Donskoy Cemetery in Columbarium No. 1 of the Main Building of the former crematorium (section 10).
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