Baldwin Evelyn Briggs
American meteorologist and arctic explorer.
Born in Springfield, Missouri.
He graduated from Northwestern College, in 1892 became a member
of the United States Met Office.
As a meteorologist in 1893-1894, Baldwin accompanied
expedition to North Greenland.
In the years 1898–99, he was Deputy
W. Wellman on an
expedition to Franz Josef Land.
Baldwin embarked on a sleigh trip from the expedition base
located on the
of Gall, to the eastern part of the archipelago, where he
Graham Bell Island.
In the years 1901-1902, he led the American-Norwegian expedition
to Franz Josef Land on the ship America, equipped with funds from
the American millionaire
In the course of this expedition an attempt was made to reach the
pole on floating ice.
Despite the rich equipment, the expedition had no success in
achieving its goal.
After wintering on the
island of Alger,
several sled trips were carried out with the aim of arranging food
depots on the northern islands of the archipelago.
Remains of Baldwin wintering on Alger Island
There was no continuation of action, in the summer the expedition
returned to America.
This expedition, which cost about a million dollars, yielded very
little scientific results.
The reason for the failure is due to weak leadership and discord
between the American and Norwegian participants.
During 1918-1933, he occupied important posts in the American
He died in Washington as a result of hitting the car.
He was buried in
Oswego, New York.
Cape in the south of the island of
Payer archipelago Franz Josef Land.
In the years 1903-1905, the American expedition A. Fiala was so
named the north-western cape of the island of Greeley, while the
southern cape was without a name.
On subsequent editions of the card the name was moved.
Cape in the northwest of
Prince-Wales Island in the Canadian Arctic archipelago.
The river in the east is about the
Melville in the Canadian Arctic archipelago.