Borzov Aleksandr Aleksandrovich
The famous Russian geographer, an outstanding teacher, a
Born and received secondary education in Voronezh.
He was the son of a courtyard peasant and landowner Severtsov
(brother of the famous explorer of Central Asia).
At the cost of great efforts, the mother managed to give the
“illegitimate” son a gymnasium education, and it was even harder for
him to make his way to higher education.
After graduating from the gymnasium, Borzov entered the natural
department of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Moscow
University, where he worked under the guidance of an outstanding
He quickly emerged among the few geography students with his
scientific outlook and purposefulness.
However, it was not without complications.
For participation in student unrest, Borzov was expelled from the
university and sent to the city of Aleksin under police supervision.
He managed to pass state exams only in 1899.
After completing his studies in 1900, Borzov, who was in material
need, entered the Rumyantsev Library as a registrar, where he worked
for 35 years, having organized a department of geography and
cartography, an information bureau, and at the end became the chief
scientific consultant of the library.
Borzov combined scientific work, service in the library with
teaching in high school, and in all spheres of his work he achieved
He compiled a brilliant, according to contemporaries, textbook
"Pictures on the Geography of Russia".
Unfortunately, only the first part was published;
The second part, which included a description of the Caucasus,
Central Asia and Siberia, was printed, but for some unknown reason,
disappeared without a trace.
According to Yu.M.
"loss for our geography is unrewarding ...".
In 1912, Borzov passed his master's examinations, two years later
he began giving lectures at Moscow University.
Since 1918 he is a professor, and since 1923 the head of the
department of geography of this university.
The contribution of Borzov to the study of the relief and
geomorphology of the Russian Plain is great.
He led expeditionary works in the Moscow region, the basin of the
southern Bug, the southern Urals and other areas.
He was first tasked with the systematic geomorphological survey
of the territory of the USSR.
Borzov established a scientific school of geomorphology.
He developed a series of visual aids on geography for high
Together with D.N.
Anuchin Borzov organized a research institute of geography at
Moscow University and an educational geographic museum.
After the death of Borzov and shortly before his own Yu.M.
Shokalsky, who knew Borzov well, wrote: “Alexander Alexandrovich
did not leave us a great number of works, but the point is not
What they have written always contains some new thought, a new
observation - the result of his always active thought and ability to
see in the phenomena that many passed by.
This is the best proof of his talent. ”
He died in Moscow.
He was buried at the
A stele of light gray, medium-grained granite with the image of
an 8-pointed cross.
Bay and glacier on the Barents
coast of the northern island of New Earth.
In 1913, G.Ya.
called the Bay the name of Cesarevich Alexei.
Renamed in the 1920s.
on the Taimyr River to
the south-west of the Teresa Klavenes Bay, a tributary of the