second wife of John
Franklin, nee Griffin.
Her father was a manufacturer, owner of silk and jewelry
production, John Griffin.
Franklin's first wife was Jane Eleonora Porde's girlfriend. They
both loved the young sailor, but he preferred Eleanor. However,
the happiness of a young couple did not last long. Eleanor
died of tuberculosis in 1825, six days after Franklin left the
expedition, leaving him an 8-month-old daughter.
Courageous and noble Jane never betrayed her feelings about the
marriage of John and Eleanor. Until
Eleanor’s death, her friends remained warm.Jane swore that she would
not leave her daughter and take care of her.
November 5, 1828, the wedding of Jane and John.
As you know, after returning from an expedition in 1827, Franklin
departed from arctic research for 17 years and served in the
Mediterranean, in distant English colonies, was the governor of
Tasmania and New Zealand. All
these years, Jane shared with her husband his military service. She
traveled to Syria, Palestine, Egypt, accompanying her husband to
those distant places, where she threw his military service. It
is also known that she was the first woman to cross Australia from
Melbourne to Sydney.
The whole life of Jane Franklin was devoted to her husband during
his lifetime. After
his departure for the last tragic expedition, she devoted herself to
organizing his search, rescue, and when there was no hope of
salvation, finding out his fate and the circumstances of his death,
searching for his grave.
Starting from 1847–48, since the first fears emerged for the fate
of the Franklin expedition, the name Jane Franklin began to
constantly appear in the press. In
the spring of 1848, she announced a reward of two, then three
thousand pounds sterling, to anyone who obtained any information
about the missing expedition. In
1849, through the President of the United States, she appealed to
the American people to unite efforts in the search. Congress
agreed, but due to lengthy negotiations the time was missed that
following year, reconciliation began again, but the case was saved
by the noble G.
Grinnel, with whose
help the expedition of E.
De Haven was
organized, called the First Grinnell expedition. Since
1850, Jane Franklin has spent a lot of her own money on organizing
search expeditions. She
did not like the search area undertaken by the Admiralty. Intuitively,
a woman paid attention to a not very large area south of
but this was not given due attention. The
dominant view was that Franklin went west or north.
Jane bought the Prince Albert clipper and fitted him under the
command of Commodore Codrington Forsythe. He
was prescribed from Lancaster
go south through the Prince Regent Strait. Unfortunately,
it was not possible to pass, and Forsyth decided to return to
England, after visiting the Barrow
to learn about the activities of numerous expeditions working there. In
the area of Beachy Island, an expedition of De Haven was met, from
which they learned about the find of the wintering grounds of
Franklin in 1845-1846. Forsyth
first brought this message to England.
Six years have passed since the departure of the expedition of
Franklin, hopes of salvation melted away, but the courageous woman
did not give up. Regardless
of the costs, she equipped and sent the "Prince Albert" a second
time, but again to no avail.
In 1857, with money collected by subscription, as well as
proceeds from the sale of property, totaling about £ 2,000, Franklin
purchased the "Fox" yacht with a displacement of 177 tons. Many
captains offered their services, she chose George
Richards, but he could not accept this offer, having received
another official appointment. Then
Lady Franklin commissioned the expedition F.
was he who succeeded in 1859 in finding the place of the death of
the expedition of her husband on King William Island and its
of the time wrote: "... the admirable perseverance and loyalty of a
woman, supported by the unrelenting energy of skilled and devoted
men, made it possible to complete the search for a long-lost
prominent citizen of England ...".
As you know, written documents disclosing the causes and
circumstances of the death of such a well-organized and secured
expedition were not found. The
problem of finding them, finding out details, finding graves and, in
particular, the graves of Franklin, who died before the crew left
the ships, became the goal of Charles
Hall’s expedition (1864–1869), which was also organized with the
active participation of Jane Franklin.
The Royal Geographical Society awarded her in 1860 a gold medal.
Franklin) in the Baffin Sea southeast of Baffin Island.
Franklin) in the north of Bathurst Island in the Canadian Arctic
Franklin Point) in the southwest of Victoria Island in the Canadian
Franklin) in the north-west of King William Island in the Canadian
Bay ( Lady-Franklin) on
the northeast coast of Ellesmere Island in the Hall Basin.
Bay (Lady-Franklinfjord) and
a glacier on
the northwest coast of the island of Northeastern Land of