Franklin Jane 
(04.12.1797–18.07.1875)


The second wife of John Franklin, nee Griffin. 
Her father was a manufacturer, owner of silk and jewelry production, John Griffin. 
Franklin's first wife was Jane Eleonora Porde's girlfriend. They both loved the young sailor, but he preferred Eleanor. However, the happiness of a young couple did not last long. Eleanor died of tuberculosis in 1825, six days after Franklin left the expedition, leaving him an 8-month-old daughter.
Courageous and noble Jane never betrayed her feelings about the marriage of John and Eleanor. Until Eleanor’s death, her friends remained warm.Jane swore that she would not leave her daughter and take care of her. 
November 5, 1828, the wedding of Jane and John. 
As you know, after returning from an expedition in 1827, Franklin departed from arctic research for 17 years and served in the Mediterranean, in distant English colonies, was the governor of Tasmania and New Zealand. All these years, Jane shared with her husband his military service. She traveled to Syria, Palestine, Egypt, accompanying her husband to those distant places, where she threw his military service. It is also known that she was the first woman to cross Australia from Melbourne to Sydney. 
The whole life of Jane Franklin was devoted to her husband during his lifetime. After his departure for the last tragic expedition, she devoted herself to organizing his search, rescue, and when there was no hope of salvation, finding out his fate and the circumstances of his death, searching for his grave. 
Starting from 1847–48, since the first fears emerged for the fate of the Franklin expedition, the name Jane Franklin began to constantly appear in the press. In the spring of 1848, she announced a reward of two, then three thousand pounds sterling, to anyone who obtained any information about the missing expedition. In 1849, through the President of the United States, she appealed to the American people to unite efforts in the search. Congress agreed, but due to lengthy negotiations the time was missed that year. The following year, reconciliation began again, but the case was saved by the noble G. Grinnel, with whose help the expedition of E. De Haven was organized, called the First Grinnell expedition. Since 1850, Jane Franklin has spent a lot of her own money on organizing search expeditions. She did not like the search area undertaken by the Admiralty. Intuitively, a woman paid attention to a not very large area south of Str. Barrow, but this was not given due attention. The dominant view was that Franklin went west or north. 
Jane bought the Prince Albert clipper and fitted him under the command of Commodore Codrington Forsythe. He was prescribed from Pr. Lancaster go south through the Prince Regent Strait. Unfortunately, it was not possible to pass, and Forsyth decided to return to England, after visiting the Pr. Barrow to learn about the activities of numerous expeditions working there. In the area of ​​Beachy Island, an expedition of De Haven was met, from which they learned about the find of the wintering grounds of Franklin in 1845-1846. Forsyth first brought this message to England. 
Six years have passed since the departure of the expedition of Franklin, hopes of salvation melted away, but the courageous woman did not give up. Regardless of the costs, she equipped and sent the "Prince Albert" a second time, but again to no avail. 
In 1857, with money collected by subscription, as well as proceeds from the sale of property, totaling about £ 2,000, Franklin purchased the Fox Fox yacht with a displacement of 177 tons. Many captains offered their services, she chose George Richards, but he could not accept this offer, having received another official appointment. Then Lady Franklin commissioned the expedition F. McClintock. It was he who succeeded in 1859 in finding the place of the death of the expedition of her husband on King William Island and its surroundings. Newspapers of the time wrote: "... the admirable perseverance and loyalty of a woman, supported by the unrelenting energy of skilled and devoted men, made it possible to complete the search for a long-lost prominent citizen of England ...". 
As you know, written documents disclosing the causes and circumstances of the death of such a well-organized and secured expedition were not found. The problem of finding them, finding out details, finding graves and, in particular, the graves of Franklin, who died before the crew left the ships, became the goal of Charles Hall’s expedition (1864–1869), which was also organized with the active participation of Jane Franklin. 
The Royal Geographical Society awarded her in 1860 a gold medal. 
Isle 
(Lady Franklin) in the Baffin Sea southeast of Baffin Island.

Cape (Lady Franklin) in the north of Bathurst Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. 
Cape (Lady Franklin Point) in the southwest of Victoria Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. 
Cape (Jane Franklin) in the north-west of King William Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. 
Bay ( Lady-Franklin) on the northeast coast of Ellesmere Island in the Hall Basin. 
Bay (Lady-Franklinfjord) 
and a glacier on the northwest coast of the island of Northeastern Land of Svalbard.

 

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