Nares George Strong 
(24.04.1831–15.01.1915)


English seaman, vice admiral, arctic explorer. 
Born in Monmouthshire, Wales, in the family of a sailor. Ners was educated at the Royal Naval College in New Gross, where he received the title of cadet, which is given by the Admiralty Lords to the most promising students. 
When he entered the navy in 1845, he served for some time on Her Majesty’s Canopus ship entering the Lamanche squadron, and then on the Havana ship entering the Australian squadron. 
Ners came to the Arctic in 1852 as an assistant captain on the E. Belcher expedition’s “Resolute" vessel, which lasted until 1854. This expedition gave him invaluable experience in managing the ship in the most extreme situations. During the winter, Ners took an active part in the sled search campaigns. 
Upon returning from the expedition, Ners participated in the Crimean War, served on the Mediterranean Sea, in the Gulf of Suez, explored the shores of Australia, and during the years 1872–1874 he commanded the Challenger vessel during its round-the-world research cruise. 
In 1875 Ners led the Arctic expedition on the ships "Alert" and "Discovery". 
The main task of the expedition was put the maximum possible advance to the north.

 

"Vigilant" and "Discovery" in the Robson Strait


They left England in May and in August approached the Gulf of Lady Franklin in the east of Grant Land on Ellesmere Island. Here Ners left "Discovery" to organize a winter base, and on the second ship he continued sailing along the west bank of the Strait Robson, went to the north coast of Ellesmere Island and hibernated in Fleberg Beach. On October 12  the sun ceased to appear, leaving the ship almost in total darkness for 142 days. With the onset of daylight, the toboggan squad, led by A.G. Markham, reached a record at that time point 83° 20'26"N, where they hoisted the British flag. The sailors suffered terribly from extreme cold, many were sick with scurvy, one person died. 
Another detachment sent by Ners, under the command of Lieutenant P. Aldrich, marched westward and was more fortunate, although he was often on the verge of a disaster. The 400 km of the northern coast of Ellesmere Island, which he mapped, turned out to be the main geographical achievement of the expedition. The map of Aldrich remained the only one for this region until the 1950s. 
The sailors of the second vessel examined the st. Robson and the north-west coast of Greenland. 
At the end of October 1876  the expedition returned to England, although it was planned for two years. A lot of criticism was expressed to the expedition and its leader. The main disappointment of the average man was due to the failure of the pole. Experts have noted insufficiently good organization, lack of experience and training, neglect of proper diet and, most importantly, the English disgust for using dogs in sled trips, although by that time a number of Arctic researchers, including the British, proved its vital necessity. Later, as is known, the neglect of using dogs as a means of transport was one of the main reasons for the tragedy of the R. Scott expedition to the South Pole. 
Nevertheless, the scientific achievements of the expedition, and not only the geographical ones mentioned above, are undoubted. The naturalists of the expedition G. Velden and C. Hart carried out a large amount of geological, zoological, botanical and ethnographic research, in the processing of which, on their return, many leading scientists, in particular J. Hooker, took part. The results were published in the Ners report and a number of scientific publications. Geological observations and the Velden collections remained the basis of the geological knowledge of the framing of the Robson Strait and the north coast of Ellesmere Island until the 1950s.

 

Night parking sleigh squad

 


In September 1878  Ners was engaged in shooting the  Magellan Strait and the coast of South America. 
From 1879 to 1897  he served in the Ministry of Commerce as an official of the Port Department. Ners retired in 1886, in March 1892 he was given the rank of vice admiral.

Awarded the Order of the Bath. 
Ners died at his home in Kingston upon the Thames, Surrey. Buried at Long Ditton in St. Mary’s Church.

 

St. Mary's Church


Peninsula (Ners Land) on the north-west coast of Greenland. Already in our time it turned out that this “land” is an island separated from Greenland by a narrow strait. 
Cape on the north coast of Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. 
Cape in the south-west of Eglinton Island west of the Kellett Channel in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. 
The system of straits between the island of Ellesmere and Greenland. The title was proposed by the Canadian Mining and Technology Department and approved in 1964 by the Danish Committee on Geographical Names in Greenland.

Strait in the north-west of Greenland between the Land of Wulf and the island of Stephenson.

 

Return to the main page