Nosilov Konstantin Dmitrievich 

An ethnographer, a researcher of the North, a talented Democrat writer. 
Born in Siberia, in the village Maslyansky near Shadrinsk in the family of a priest. 
In 1868  Nosilov entered a religious school, where the children of priests were accepted. In the curriculum, much attention was paid to the law of God and other church disciplines. In the monastery, under the roof of which the school was located, there was a large library, and an inquisitive boy who grew up in communication with nature took books on geography and natural science in it. Passion for travel originated from his childhood. 
After graduating from college  Nosilov went to Perm and entered the seminary with the intention to continue his education at the university in the capital. However, his plans failed. Strangely enough, the future talented researcher and writer was expelled from the seminary for "non-meeting". Thoughts about the university had to leave. 
Now the dream of traveling and natural science research, which was dormant in Nosilov, could be satisfied. He began his activities at the Theological Plants in the Perm province, which needed new developments in iron ore deposits. Here Nosilov spent about three years, successfully engaged in geological surveys, which allowed exploring new deposits, excavating mounds, collecting botanical and zoological collections, and hydrographic research. He paid much attention to ethnographic observations of the life of the local population. 
Winter 1882–1883 Nosilov spent in St. Petersburg, devoting her to establishing relations with the capital's scientific societies and preparing for his planned trip to the Northern Urals, which he set off in the spring of 1883. Reaching Berezov, he sailed on the boats 500 miles and settled in one of the villages, which became the basis of his many and long hikes. In the village of Nosilov, he arranged a meteorological station, having equipped it according to the instructions of the Main Physical Observatory. In the winter of 1884  he made a difficult transition through the Ural Mountains. It was during this period that Nosilov got the idea of creating a caravan route through the Urals, perhaps laying a railway. He published his views on this issue in several articles. 
After working in the Berezovsky Territory, Nosilov moved to Obdorsk (Salekhard), got acquainted with the life of the local population, visited a trade fair, and then went to Petersburg by a troika of his own deer. In the capital and Moscow, he published reports on his research, made presentations at meetings of various scientific societies, and handed over geological collections to the museum of the Mining Institute. 
In 1886  his first trip abroad took place, which included visits to Palestine, Egypt and Turkey, and in the spring of next year the tireless traveler began preparations for wintering on Novaya Zemlya. The Imperial Russian Geographical Society, of which he was a member, instructed Nosilov to study the human condition in this archipelago. It was a task of national importance, connected with the need for Russian industrialists to colonize Novaya Zemlya and protect it from foreign expansion. Nosilov was given the opportunity to settle in the colony of Malye Karmakuly, where he spent three winterings. His research has played a large role in strengthening Russia's position in the European North, has enriched scientific ideas about this land, and his talented written stories introduced the broad masses of readers to the North. Nosilov became widely known both in Russia and abroad as a researcher. On his expedition many articles were published in the domestic and foreign press. The talent of Nosilov-fiction writer was noted by A.P. Chekhov, D.N. Mamin-Sibiryak, L.N. 



House Nosilova on New Earth

(photo by K.D. Nosilov)


Strait Matochkin Shar

(photo by K.D. Nosilov)

In the 1890s  Nosilov’s attention was riveted on the Ob of Ob, to the Yamal Peninsula, through which he made many research trips. During this period, his ability to think big once again manifested itself. He came up with the idea of connecting the Baydaratskaya and Ob lips with the canal, which he conceived in Novaya Zemlya, in order to avoid navigation on the Arctic Kara Sea. 
In the early years of Soviet power  Nosilov took part in the preparation of an expedition to Yamal, planned by government decree. Due to deteriorating health, he and his family moved south to Abkhazia, to the town of Pilenkovo (now Gantiadi), but his days were numbered. He was buried in the local village cemetery at the ancient temple of Tandripsh. 
Mountain on the south-west coast of Matochkina Shar. Called in April 1925 by the Commission Northern Hidrographical expedition. 
A stream that flows into Chekina Bay in the east of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya. Named in 1901 by A.A. Borisov.


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