Obruchev Sergey Vladimirovich
(22.01.(03.02).1891 – 29.08.1965)
geologist, geographer, outstanding traveler, corresponding member of
the USSR Academy of Sciences, son of V.A. Obruchev.
Born in Irkutsk, in 1902, the family moved to Tomsk, where
Obruchev graduated from a real school. From
an early age he participated in geological expeditions led by his
father: in 1905 in the Frontier Dzungaria, 1906 - in the Semirechye,
1909 - in the Semipalatinsk province. There
were no doubts about the choice of profession - in 1910, Obruchev
entered the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of Moscow University,
which he successfully completed in five years.
He worked consistently in the Geological Committee (1917–1929),
in the Yakut Commission of the USSR Academy of Sciences (1929–1932),
All-Union Arctic Institute (1932–1941), in the Institute of Geological Sciences of
the USSR Academy of Sciences (1941–1950). Obruchev's
last place of work was the Precambrian Geology Laboratory of the
USSR Academy of Sciences, which he headed in 1963.
The main works of Obruchev are related to the study of the
geology and geomorphology of Eastern Siberia and the North-East of
In 1917–1924 he
conducted geological studies on the Central Siberian Plateau,
largely contributing to the discovery of the Tunguska coal basin; in
the basins of Indigirka and Kolyma, establishing their gold content. Obruchev
first proposed to combine the mountain structures of the middle
course of Indigirka and Kolyma called the Chersky Range and
developed a tectonics scheme for Northeast Asia. In
studied Eastern Sayan, Khamar-Daban and North-Eastern Tuva.
Moika embankment, house 82. S.V. Obruchev
at the time of 1934
Obruchev is the author of a number of popular science books and
articles, including “Into Uncharted Territories”, “Over the
Mountains and Tundras of Chukotka”, “In the Heart of Asia”,
“Mysterious Stories” and others, as well as the literary study “Over
Lermontov's Notebooks”. He
compiled the "Handbook of the traveler and local historian".
In 1946, Obruchev was awarded the Stalin
Prize of 1 degree
for the discovery of tin deposits in the North-East of the USSR. He
was awarded the Order
Red Banner and the Badge
of Honor, as well as medals.
He died in Leningrad, was buried in the Serafimov
The peninsula in
the south of the southern island of New Earth. Named
in the 1930s by geologists of the All-Union Arctic Institute.
entrance to Mack Bay on the west coast of the northern island of Novaya
by geological expedition of the All-Union Arctic Institute in 1933.