Olney  Richard

(05.09.1835  08.04.1917 ) 


American Democrat politician, 34th US Secretary of State and 40th US Attorney General. He took part in the financing of the expedition of V. Welman.

Born to a wealthy family in Oxford, Massachusetts. After some time, he and his parents moved to Louisville, Kentucky, where they lived until his seventh birthday, after which they returned to Oxford. Then he was sent to study at the Leicester Academy. Olney received his higher education in 1856, graduating from Brown University, at the Harvard Law School in 1858, received a bachelor's degree and in 1859 was admitted to the bar.Soon, he began practicing law in Boston, taking on wills and trusts.

Olney did not seek to politics, intending to engage exclusively in legal practice, but in March 1893, President Grover Cleveland appointed him to the post of Attorney General of the United States.

Olney's first goal in this position was to nullify the political movements of the workers.

During the Pullman strike of 1894  Olney tried to settle the situation by legal means. They also issued an order according to which district attorneys were to immediately begin the search for Eugene Debs and other leaders of the labor movement. About 150 people were sent from the US Marshals Service. Seeing that his measures brought little result, Richard Olney asked Grover Cleveland to send federal troops into Chicago to pay off the pockets of the strike.

Some time after the death of Walter Grisham, Grover Cleveland appointed Olney the US Secretary of State. In this post he tried to resolve the conflict between Great Britain and Venezuela regarding the borders of Guyana.

He retired at the end of the term Grover Cleveland.

Immediately after taking office, in March 1913  President Woodrow Wilson offered Olney to become the US ambassador to Great Britain, but he refused. In May 1914  an offer was again received from Woodrow Wilson, this time he wanted to appoint Olney to the Federal Reserve Board, but was also refused.

He died in Boston, buried in the Mount Auburn cemetery.

Cape in the east of Graham Bell Island, to the eastern extremity of the archipelago Franz Josef Land. Called in 1899 by the V. Welman's expedition.


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