Orlovsky Petr Vladimirovich
economic worker, organizer of the Arctic expeditions.
Born in Mariupol. The
son of a simple baker, Orlovsky, from his youthful years, was forced
to “go into people” and wander around the country in search of a
"universities", he passed by the proletarians of the Sormovsky plant
- participated in strikes, was a fighter of the food detachment. After
the civil war, the party sent Orlovsky to work at the State
Joint-Stock Company of Industry and Trade of the Northern Sea Route
the call of V.I. Lenin,
he “learned to trade”, being an employee of the Soviet trade mission
in London and the German-Russian transport joint-stock company
Derutr in Hamburg, engaged in the organization and implementation of
At the age of 33 Orlovsky became the head of the newly formed
Hydrographic Department of Glavsevmorput.
Having headed the Hydrographic Department, he did not become a
cabinet official. Every
summer, together with his subordinates, he went to the Arctic to
take a personal part in studying and ensuring the safety of
navigation along the Northern Sea Route. In
1934 Orlovsky headed Karskaya and the second Lena transport
In 1936 Orlovsky led a hydrographic expedition on the "G. Sedov”,
which opened seven new islands in the archipelago Nordenskiöld. The
following year again on "G. Sedov” he passed from Arkhangelsk to the
In the mid-1930s the situation in the country began to heat up,
ominous words about “enemies” and “alien elements”, merciless “class
struggle” sounded. This
was fully reflected in Glavsevmorput. His
senior officials were among the first to be declared "pests on the
highway", "saboteurs and spies" ... The peak of repression fell on
to the extremely difficult navigation in 1937, confusion and
bungling on the route of the Northern Sea Route, over twenty
transport ships and several icebreakers were wintering.
It was impossible to carry out full-scale airborne air
reconnaissance, as almost all the aircraft were thrown in search of
the completely disappeared S.A. Levanevskiy. Due
to the confusion of the coastal authorities, who often gave
conflicting and always lagging orders to captains, time was lost. The
vessels were forced to drift, the ice and currents inexorably
carried them away to the Central Arctic.
The reason was incompetence, leadership mistakes, objective
difficulties, but the case was presented as sabotage.
Orlovsky was tried along with the deputies N.I. Evgenov, P.K. Khmyznikov, E.S. Gernet. When
he came out of prison, old friends helped him to return to his
homeland to the warm Azov Sea. Here,
in his native Mariupol, he headed the fisheries of the Lisichansk
Metallurgical Combine under construction. But
he was free to live for only a few months, his heart refused. Orlovsky
was rehabilitated only ten years later in the period of the
so-called “Khrushchev thaw”. On
February 20, 1958, the Military Tribunal of the Moscow Military
District acquitted him for lack of corpus delicti.
entrance bay Peary on the island of George Land
archipelago Franz Josef Land. The
name was approved by the decision of the Arkhangelsk Regional
Executive Committee of August 26, 1963 (Decision No. 651).