admiral, arctic explorer.
He began service in the Navy midshipman at the age of 15 years. One
year later, he commanded a gunboat in operations against pirates in
the Chinese seas, and served in East India and China on various
ships of the Navy. In
1844 after studying and receiving a diploma of a first-class
artillery officer, Osborne served in the Pacific Ocean, in 1848
participated in the suppression of the uprising in Ireland, in the
winter of 1849 voluntarily joined G.Austin's Arctic expedition,
searching for J.
Osborne was one of the few supporters of the search for the
missing expedition to the south of those areas that were prescribed
by the Admiralty Instruction. He
considered it necessary to follow the Prince-Regent strait towards
the continent, where after a few years the place of death of the
unfortunate expedition was found.
On the Austin Expedition, which was supposed to explore the
coasts of the islands adjacent to the Barrow and Melville Straits,
Osborne commanded the "Pioneer" steam tender. The
expedition did not turn out to be useless: its detachment under the
direction of E.
with the expedition of E.
De Haven managed to
find a place for the first wintering of Franklin’s ships on Beachy
Island and Cape
divided his squad into three groups, one of which was headed by
the wintering 1850 - 1851 he
explored the northwestern and western coasts of
Prince-Wales Island and
discovered the strait, which would later be named in honor of F.
In 1852 Osborne took part in the expedition of E.
Belcher, in which he
also commanded the tender "Pioneer". According
to the instructions of the Admiralty, which still considered the
northern and western regions to be a priority, Belcher had to
inspect the Wellington
Strait area. After
two winterings, the expedition did not find any traces of Franklin
and, throwing four out of five vessels into the ice, returned in
1854 to England. Osborne
explored the northern shores of the islands
of Cornwall and Melville by sledge
After returning from the Arctic Osborne, commanding the "Vesuvius"
ship, took an active part in the Crimean War, in 1857 was
transferred to the Far East, where he participated in the Second
Chinese War, and then in 1861–1862
in the gulf of Mexico.
As an artillery officer Osborne showed great interest in
discussions about the role of turret gun systems and the feasibility
of their use in the navy. In
1864 he was appointed commander of the Royal Sovereign, designed
with his opinion in mind. Shortly
thereafter, Osborne retired at half the salary.
In the second half of the 1860s Osborne was the leading agent of
the Indian Peninsula Railway Company in Bombay (1865–1866) and
managing director of the company for the construction and operation
of telegraphs (1867–1871).
In 1872 he retired and shortly afterwards received the rank of
Osborne never completely broke with the Arctic, being aware of
related activities. In
1873, he convinced A.
Markham to participate
in the swimming of Baffin in the sea to study the conditions of ice
the time of his untimely death, Osborne was a member of the
committee for the preparation of the Arctic expedition of J.
Osborne owns a large number of works,
among which many are devoted to Arctic expeditions.
He died in London. He
was buried in Highgate
An island (Sherard-Osborne)
north of Bathurst Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
in the west of the Prince-Wales Island in the Canadian Arctic
in 1851 by the detachment of S. Osborne.
Head) on the northeast coast
of Wales Island.
Cape (Sherard) in
the southeast of Devon Island in the Canadian Arctic archipelago.
the west of Devon Island in the Wellington Strait.
Herschel Island off the coast of North America in the Beaufort Sea.
the island of Ellesmere in the Canadian Arctic archipelago.
The mountains on
the island of Western Svalbard in
the eastern part of the Geer
the island of West Svalbard.
on the north-west coast of Greenland. Opened
by the expedition of J. Ners in 1876.