Osborne Sherard 
(25.04.1822–06.05.1875)


English admiral, arctic explorer. 
He began service in the Navy midshipman at the age of 15 years. One year later, he commanded a gunboat in operations against pirates in the Chinese seas, and served in East India and China on various ships of the Navy. In 1844  after studying and receiving a diploma of a first-class artillery officer, Osborne served in the Pacific Ocean, in 1848 participated in the suppression of the uprising in Ireland, in the winter of 1849 voluntarily joined G.Austin's Arctic expedition, searching for J. Franklin ships. 
Osborne was one of the few supporters of the search for the missing expedition to the south of those areas that were prescribed by the Admiralty Instruction. He considered it necessary to follow the Strait of Regent strait towards the continent, where after a few years the place of death of the unfortunate expedition was found. 
On the Austin Expedition, which was supposed to explore the coasts of the islands adjacent to the Barrow and Melville Straits, Osborne commanded the Pioneer steam tender. The expedition did not turn out to be useless: its detachment under the direction of E. Ommann simultaneously with the expedition of E. De Haven managed to find a place for the first wintering of Franklin’s ships on Beachy Island and Cape Riley. Ommann divided his squad into three groups, one of which was headed by Osborn. During the wintering 1850 - 1851 he explored the northwestern and western coasts of Prince-Wales Island and discovered the strait, which would later be named in honor of F. McClintock. 
In 1852  Osborne took part in the expedition of E. Belcher, in which he also commanded the tender "Pioneer". According to the instructions of the Admiralty, which still considered the northern and western regions to be a priority, Belcher had to inspect the Wellington Strait area. After two winterings, the expedition did not find any traces of Franklin and, throwing four out of five vessels into the ice, returned in 1854 to England. Osborne explored the northern shores of the islands of Cornwall and Melville by sledge routes. 
After returning from the Arctic  Osborne, commanding the "Vesuvius" ship, took an active part in the Crimean War, in 1857 was transferred to the Far East, where he participated in the Second Chinese War, and then in 1861–1862  fought in the gulf of Mexico. 
As an artillery officer  Osborne showed great interest in discussions about the role of turret gun systems and the feasibility of their use in the navy. In 1864 he was appointed commander of the Royal Sovereign, designed with his opinion in mind. Shortly thereafter, Osborne retired at half the salary. 
In the second half of the 1860s  Osborne was the leading agent of the Indian Peninsula Railway Company in Bombay (1865–1866) and managing director of the company for the construction and operation of telegraphs (1867–1871). 
In 1872 he retired and shortly afterwards received the rank of Rear Admiral. 
Osborne never completely broke with the Arctic, being aware of related activities. In 1873, he convinced A. Markham to participate in the swimming of Baffin in the sea to study the conditions of ice navigation. At the time of his untimely death, Osborne was a member of the committee for the preparation of the Arctic expedition of J. Ners. 
Osborne owns a large number of works, among which many are devoted to Arctic expeditions.

He died in London. He was buried in Highgate Cemetery. 
An island (Sherard-Osborne) north of Bathurst Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

Cape (Sherard-Osborne) in the west of the Prince-Wales Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Opened in 1851 by the detachment of S. Osborne. 
Cape (Sherard Head) on the northeast coast   Prince of Wales Island. 
Cape (Sherard) in the southeast of Devon Island in the Canadian Arctic archipelago. 
Cape in the west of Devon Island in the Wellington Strait. 
Cape on Herschel Island off the coast of North America in the Beaufort Sea. 
Mountains on the island of Ellesmere in the Canadian Arctic archipelago.

The mountains on the island of Western Svalbard in the eastern part of the Geer Lands. 
Glacier on the island of West Svalbard.

Fiord (Shirard-Osborne-Fiord) on the north-west coast of Greenland. Opened by the expedition of J. Ners in 1876.

 

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