Osten-Saken Fedor Romanovich
scientist and statesman.
He graduated from the law school at St. Petersburg University and
joined the Asian department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Osten-Sacken
was not a desk worker, he spent long months on distant expeditions.
In 1857 Osten-Sacken accompanied Count
E.V. Putyatin to China and
visited the Russian shores of the Sea of Japan and the islands
In 1867 he together with Colonel Poltoratsky made a bold tour
of Central Asia to the southern spurs of the Tien Shan, visited
Naryn region, Lake Chatyr-Kul, and reached almost to Kashgar, where
Yakub-bek, who was unfriendly towards Russia, then ruled Russia. During
the expedition, Osten-Sacken collected an extensive herbarium,
subsequently processed by Academician Ruprecht.
Great work was carried out by Osten-Sacken in the Imperial
Russian Geographical Society. He
took an active part in equipping the expedition to study the grain
trade and productivity in European Russia, worked in the commission
of the society on the publication of scribal books. In
1870, an extensive note of Osten-Saken to work on Lake Issyk-Kul and
its remains of ancient buildings found at the bottom was published,
in 1872 he participated in the development of the issue of
publishing an ethnographic map of Russia, and in 1890 special time
edition on meteorology.
Repeatedly Osten-Saken performed the duties of secretary,
chairman of branches and vice-president of the IRGO; was
his honorary member, was a member of the Commission of the Academy
of Sciences on the equipment of the expedition E.V. Toll.
In 1870–1897 he
served as Director of the Department of Internal Relations of the
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which began with him the publication of
a number of interesting works related to his activities.
He died in Petrograd. Buried
at Smolensk Lutheran Cemetery.
the north-west of the Taimyr Gulf. Named
in 1901 by E.V. Toll.
the island of Edge, Svalbard. The
coordinates are 78°
08.3'N 22° 42.5'E. Named
in 1870 by