Palibin Ivan Vladimirovich
outstanding Russian botanist and paleobotanist.
Born in Tiflis in a military family. Secondary
education in the 3rd Moscow Cadet Corps. Military
service did not deceive him, from a young age he showed an interest
in the natural sciences. He
began work in the botanical office of Moscow University, studied the
flora of the Moscow region.
In 1895 Palibin moved to St. Petersburg and began working in the
Botanical Garden, with which he linked his whole life. For
several years he worked privately and only in 1902, already, being a
famous scientist, he finally got a full-time position as just an
assistant junior conservative.
Palibin’s scientific activities began with a study of the flora
of the Far East. Soon
he published his first scientific work. The
expedition was not long in coming. In
1899 on instructions from the
Imperial Russian Geographical
Society, Palibin traveled to Mongolia
and North China, where he collected extensive collections and mapped
a caravan route over 3000 km long. For
a report on this journey, the
Imperial Russian Geographical
Society awarded him a silver medal in
in subsequent years, Palibin did not interrupt his ties with the Far
East, publishing a number of works on the flora of Korea, Mongolia,
China and Transbaikalia.
In 1901 Palibin at the invitation of Admiral S.O. Makarov participated
in the first Arctic voyage of the newly built
"Ermak" icebreaker. He
conducted unique for that time surveys of archipelagos
Franz Josef Land, Spitsbergen, the northern island of Novaya Zemlya,
collecting extensive valuable collections of representatives of the
Arctic flora. For
many years Palibin kept with love a memo about this campaign: a
miniature model of the anchor "Ermak".
In 1903 Palibin was sent to Sweden, Denmark and Norway to
process the collected materials. For
the brilliant performance of work, he was awarded the gold medal of
Imperial Russian Geographical Society.
Since the beginning of the twentieth century, Palibin has
increasingly begun to attract paleobotany. Gradually
he became the largest Russian specialist in the field of tertiary
Palibin did not have a higher education, he formally could not get a
do this, he had to go abroad to Switzerland, where during 1906–1910. He
studied at the University of Geneva. In
1908, having passed the exam for a doctorate degree, he wrote a
thesis necessary for the award, but its publication was delayed,
then it was frustrated by the world war, revolution, civil war. Only
in 1934, by the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences, he was
approved to the degree of Doctor of Biological Sciences and only in
1939 - in the rank of professor. The
main parts of his thesis were published in 1935 in editions of the
Academy of Sciences.
Since 1911 the study of the Black Sea-Caucasian flora has become
a part of Palibin's scientific interests. During
the years 1916-1923. he
is a rabbi director of the famous Batumi Botanical Garden.
Since 1923 as a prominent scientist, Palibin returned to his
native Leningrad Botanical Garden, where he worked first as a senior
curator and then as head of the Museum of the Botanical Institute of
the USSR Academy of Sciences. Under
his leadership, the museum has become a treasury of the world flora.
Palibin spent the hardest period in besieged Leningrad and was
transported to Moscow only in January 1943. The
blockade has undermined the health of the scientist. In
June 1945 he suffered a blow, from the consequences of which he
Returning to Leningrad in 1946, in the same year
he became an Honored
Scientist of the RSFSR. Palibin
worked as much as he could, hoping for restoration of health and
return to his beloved work.
However, this did not happen.
He was buried in Petersburg at the Shuvalovskoye cemetery. The
grave could not be found.
the north-west of the island South Hochstetter archipelago
Franz Josef Land. The
name was approved by the decision of the Arkhangelsk Regional
Executive Committee of August 26, 1963.
Mountain range in
the extreme north-western part of the island of Edge, Svalbard
coordinates are 78º 08.4'N
21 º 02'E.