Pallas Petr Simonovich
Russian naturalist, member of the Petersburg
Academy of Sciences, a German by nationality. He
is one of the most prominent natural scientists of the XVIII
century, the greatest researcher of the nature of Russia.
Born in Berlin, in the family of a professor-surgeon. Up
to 13 years old he studied at home.
Pallas studied natural history in Germany, Holland, England. In
attended lectures at the Berlin Medical Surgical College and in
1760, at the age of 19, defended his doctoral dissertation in Latin
at Leiden University. In
1767 Pallas was recommended to Catherine II as a brilliant
scientist, able to perform research on the nature and economy of
moved to Russia, in 1768 he became a professor at St. Petersburg
On the instructions of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences, Pallas
led expeditions to many parts of Russia. During
along with students N.P. Sokolov and V.F. Zuev,
future academicians, examined the vast territory of Russia up to
Eastern Siberia and the border with China, studied the Lower Volga,
the Caspian lowland, the Urals, Khakassia and Dauria in more detail. During
his travels, he collected and subsequently processed extensive
geological, botanical, ethnographic and other materials, information
about the natural wealth of the surveyed areas, mining, forestry,
and agriculture. A
special place was occupied by zoological studies, which resulted in
the discovery and description of a large number of new species of
Catherine II commissioned Pallas to teach natural history to her
grandchildren, Grand Dukes Alexander Pavlovich (the future Emperor
Alexander I) and Konstantin Pavlovich.
In the early 1790s Pallas, for reasons not completely
understood, fell into disgrace. At
its own expense in 1793–1794 he
traveled to the south of Russia and the Crimea, and then received
permission to settle in the Shulu estate granted to Catherine II.
Despite isolation from the scientific world, Pallas continued to
From 1810 he lived in Berlin, where he died and buried. The
inscription on the tombstone reads:
“Peter Simon Pallas of Berlin, a knight, academician of St.
Petersburg, who spent much in the abandoned lands for the nature of
things he had spent research, finally rests here. Born on
September 22, 1741. He
September 8, 1811. A
monument with an inscription on his instructions was erected in 1854
by the Academy
of Sciences of Berlin and St.
The peninsula in
the Bay of Middendorf on the shore of Khariton Laptev. Named
in 1900 by E.V. Toll.