admiral, arctic explorer.
Born in Bideford, Devonshire. His
father, a lieutenant of the Navy, died in 1830 of yellow fever in
Africa, where he served on a ship that participated in the
suppression of the slave trade.
Pim was educated at the Royal Naval School in New Crosse and
began serving in the navy in 1842. During
served on the ship "Herald" under the command of G.
Kellett, participated in his voyage to the north-west from
Alaska, which ended with the long-awaited discovery of
Wrangel Island. In
1849 he was transferred under the command of Commodore Moore to the
brig "Plover", on which he spent the winter in the hall. Kotzebue
in Alaska. During
the wintering in March, Pim made a walk to the village of
Mikhailovskoye in search of information about the expedition of J.
Pim returned to England in 1851, and a year later he was given
the rank of lieutenant.
During this period, he was seized by the idea that Franklin
should be sought from the Siberian shores. It
was based on the ideas prevailing at that time about the existence
of an ice-free sea at high latitudes. Pim
took an indefinite vacation, received a cash grant from Lord Russell
and recommendations from the Admiralty and went to St. Petersburg to
secure the assistance of the Russian government in organizing a
search expedition along the Arctic coast of Northeast Asia. However,
the Russian government refused to help him.
Pim’s next Arctic enterprise was in 1852-1854. in
the search expedition of E.
was part of the command of the ship "Resolute (Resolute)", the
captain of which was his old commander G. Kellett.
"Resolute" in early September 1852 safely reached Melville Island,
however, because of the wide fast ice, was unable to approach the
coast and got up for wintering in the bay of one of the small
islands seven to eight miles from the coast. Kellett-organized
sleigh batches set about laying food depots for subsequent
exploratory campaigns. In
addition to the successful solution of this problem, they brought
interesting and important finds. Lieutenant
Swords at the wintering site of W.
Parry in 1819 - 1820 found
the document left here by F.
McClintock a year
the most important thing turned out to be that, next to this
document, he, to his great joy, found a note from the long-sought R.
McClure, which he left in the spring of that year. In
a note, McClure reported on the progress of his expedition and, of
course, on the opening of the Northwest Passage. Having
learned that the McClur's “Investigator” vessel is already in its
winter for the third time in ice captivity in the Bay of Mercy in
of Banks Island, Kellett was ready to send a rescue team to him
immediately, but unfortunately this was impossible due to the coming
dark time. As
soon as the light days began, a squad of ten men headed by
Lieutenant Pim headed for the McClure. On
April 6, they reached the Bay of Mercy, where the Explorer spent the
winter, and, as it turned out, very on time. It
turned out that in nine days a significant part of the crew would
have gone part east to the northeast tip of Somerset
where was the food warehouse, and partly to the mouth of the
Mackenzie River. People
were weakened by three winters and probably would have gone to meet
The very next day, nine people, led by McClure, went to Kellett’s
wintering place and reached it in twelve days. The
joy of the meeting was indescribable and was darkened only by the
fact that neither of the expeditions found traces of Franklin.
In 1854 Pim was given command of a gunboat operating in the
Baltic Sea. In
1855 he was wounded during an attack on Sveaborg, for participation
in which he was awarded a medal.
In subsequent years Pim participated in the Chinese War, was
wounded again, then served in Central and South America, made a hike
through Nicaragua and sailed to the Cape of Good Hope. During
his service in America, he bought a bay on the Atlantic coast, for
which he was sharply condemned by the lords of the Admiralty.
In 1862 Pim retired from active service, but remained on the
Navy lists. He
made three hiking trips through Nicaragua, was engaged, without
success, in commercial activities.
In 1870 he was interested in jurisprudence. He
studied at the famous corporations of lawyers Inner Temple and
Gray's Inn, in the latter he began serving as a lawyer in 1873 Pym
practiced almost exclusively on maritime issues, and soon his name
became widely known among sailors.
Pim conducted a wide public activity, was a member of parliament,
collaborated with the Institute of Civil Engineers, attended the
first council of the Anthropological Institute. In
1885 he retired with the rank of Rear Admiral.
He died in Dile. In
1888 a brass plaque was installed in his honor on the western wall
of the Bristol Maritime Institute church in England and the USA by
An island in
the Smith Strait between Ellesmere Island and Greenland.
(Photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pim_Island)
A peninsula in
the southwest of Cameron Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
the west of Cameron Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
A valley in
the north of the island of Banks in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.