Polisadov Peter Andreevich

(11(23).10.1889 - 17.11.1952)


Naval officer, hydrograph, famous polar captain.

Born in Arkhangelsk. In 1909 he graduated from the Arkhangelsk Nautical School and became the third navigator on the Kildin passenger ship. In the years 1910–1914 Polisadov worked as a producer of hydrographic works of a separate survey of the White Sea. In 1915 he received the rank of ensign for the sea unit. During the whites he served in the Arctic Ocean Flotilla, for which he later paid. After the arrival of the Reds, on February 25, 1920 Peter Andreevich was arrested as a White Guard and sentenced to forced labor on April 16. It was rehabilitated only in 1992, which, however, did not prevent Polisadov from becoming, in the future, one of the best captains-hydrographers of the USSR.

For 20 years he worked on the hydrographic vessels of the Directorate for the Safety of Navigation in the Northern Seas. In 1922–1925 Polisadov commanded the "Kupava", "Azimuth", "Arktur", "Taimyr", and "Pakhtusov" vessels. In 1925-1927 he became a member of expeditions under the leadership of R.L. Samoilovich to the Novaya Zemlya. In the 1930s Polisadov was the captain of the “Gostorg RSFSR”, animal-hunting schooner, captain on the ships of the Murmansk Trawl Fleet. He headed the crews of fishing trawlers "Zubatka", "Okun", "Piksha", "Kumzha". In 1938 in the position of senior navigator on the vessel “Murmanets”, Peter Andreevich participated in the operation to rescue the Papanins. In the summer of 1939 the search vessel "N. Knipovich" together with the vessel "Avangard"(captain S. E. Edemsky) for the first time in the history of the herring fishing on Murman was sent to the distant north-western regions. These flights were the beginning of the high-latitude fishing of herring, later called the "polar chamber". In addition, Polisadov investigated the raw materials of the Czech Bay and made a fishing map of the area. He is the discoverer of the Knipovich fishing can.

Polisadov also spent the years of the Great Patriotic War on the bridge: he was towing ships, carrying cargo, fishing, and beating sea animals. He worked for a common victory, being a military pilot, the main captain of the Ust-Dvinsk motor-fishing station. In 1945 Pyotr Andreyevich became an observer for a hunting expedition in the White Sea. In the years 1945-1952 he was the Marine Inspector of the Murmansk Trawl Fleet.


The Kupava is one of the ships where Polisadov explored Novaya Zemlya.


The last years of his life Polisadov spent in Murmansk. The press of those years reported: “Captains Samkov and Polisadov ... they were great friends. Every evening, in the evening, we walked along Leningradskaya Street - this was their favorite route. Something touching and at the same time a bit comical was in this pair: tall, dryish Polysad and chunky, grumpy Samkov. Neither give nor take Don Quixote and Sancho Panza. Walking, all the time they were talking about something animatedly, proving something to each other. As if they knew that they didn’t have a long walk left so close, as if they were in a hurry to say a word ..”.

According to the memoirs of contemporaries, Peter Andreevich was a great original and master of practical jokes. He somehow managed to place an obituary about himself in the newspaper, and when his friends and relatives, stunned by sudden grief, showed up at his apartment - “funny” funeral wake ...

Merit Polisadova awarded the Order of Lenin and the Badge of Honor.

He died in Murmansk. He was buried in the city cemetery, an obelisk was installed on his grave.

Bay in Rusanov Bay on the east coast of the northern island of Novaya Zemlya and the glacier sliding into Polisadov Bay. In 1925 called by the Novaya Zemlya Expedition of the Institute for the Study of the North under the direction of R.L. Samoylovich.


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