sailor, Pomor, arctic explorer.
Born in the village of Vorzogory. His
whole life was connected with the Arctic.
Pospelov's naval service began as early as eleven years in the
Murmansk fields, where his father took him, and lasted 53 years. Then
he became the cabin boy, the sailor on the coaster; I
passed the exams at the Arkhangelsk Trade and Naval College. Having
received the diploma of a skipper at the age of 21, Pospelov got a
job in the Murmansk scientific and trade expedition to the Pomor
1902, he managed to arrange installments on the
"Pomor", and from
that time he became his master and captain.
In 1906 while fishing on the sea animal in the Kara
Sea, the vessel was
wiped out with ice and wore for four days along the coast of Novaya
Zemlya, after which it sank three kilometers from the coast. All
the mining went to the bottom, and the team managed to dump the
boat, on which it reached the island, where there was neither
housing, nor a tree, just a wild stone. Ten
days later, the brave industrialists, moving on a boat along the
coast, were rescued by Norwegian industrialists.
Then Pospelov was the captain of the
"St. Foka" ferry boat, and
later the captain of the schooner
"Dmitry Solunsky", which its owner,
the fish producer Maslennikov, donated to
V.A. Rusanov for
the second Novaya Zemlya expedition. In
the contract on the entry of Pospelov in the position of captain
there are words that perfectly describe him: “... I, Pospelov,
proceeding from the duties associated with the position of captain
of the vessel, accept responsibility for the accident of the vessel,
due to my negligence or inexperience, that corresponds to all ship
the property I accepted, which I must pass at the end of the
expedition in the port of Vladimir. I,
Pospelov, at the call of the sailor’s conscience and honor, intend
not to leave either the members of the expedition or the crew in
case of some kind of disaster. In
case of my refusal, Pospelov, from the duties of the captain of the
above mentioned vessel or non-fulfillment of the obligations
assumed, I pay a penalty in the amount of 300 rubles in favor of the
Two months after the signing of the treaty, at the end of August
1910, the Rusanovites reached Cape
hike was very successful: for the first time, it was possible to
circumvent the entire northern
island of Novaya Zemlya in
one navigation. Arkhangelsk
Governor I.V. Sosnovsky reported
on the expedition to Emperor Nicholas II, who granted swimming
participants high awards. Captain
Pospelov was awarded the silver neck medal "For Diligence" on the
In that expedition, Pospelov met G.Ya. Sedov,
who worked at Krestovaya
Guba on the
instructions of the Marine Ministry. He
made friends with the conductor T.
Vylka, whom he later
met more than once in the Arctic.
In August 1914 on the sailing-steam schooner "Andromeda", Pospelov
took part in the search for the expeditions of Rusanov and Brusilov in
the Kara Sea. For
the first time in the world, Pospelov made an ice reconnaissance
mission on that flight. He
took to the sky by a seaplane pilot Ya.
1915, Pospelov continued his search in the
Franz Josef Land area,
but the fate of the polar explorers remained unknown.
After the civil war and intervention Pospelov moved to Murmansk,
where he engaged in hunting.
At the beginning of 1933 Pospelov, on the animal-driving
schooner Smolny, took winterers out of
Silent Bay. There
he met with I.D. Papanin. Three
years later, two similar-type hunting schooners were built at the
Murmansk shipyard - the "Papanin" and the "Captain Pospelov".
During the campaign of the same year, Pospelov fell seriously
refused to return to the port and brought the ship to Murmansk only
at the end of the fishery. But,
apparently, late: he died after an operation in Leningrad, where he
was buried (?). His
grave is lost.
the southeast of the Heiss Island archipelago
Franz Josef Land. The
name was approved in 1963 by the decision of the Arkhangelsk
Regional Executive Committee (Decision No. 651).
the west coast of Novaya Zemlya northeast of the Gulf of
and named in 1910 by V.A. Rusanov.
the west coast of Novaya Zemlya south of Cape Zhelaniya. Described
and named in 1910 by V.A. Rusanov.
* Used publication
of Tatiana Melnik