Pushin Nil Lvovich
hydrograph, admiralty major general.
Born in Tver in a landlord family.
In 1848 he entered the Naval Cadet Corps, graduated in 1853 with
the rank of midshipman. In
September of the following year, for outstanding achievements in
science and knowledge of ship navigation, Puschina was appointed
sergeant-major, and a year later they were made midshipman and
appointed to the 4th naval crew.
In November 1855 Pushchin entered the officer corps classes, in
1858 he was promoted to lieutenant. While
studying in the officer classes, he passed an internship at the
Pulkovo Observatory, where he earned high marks from Academician A.N. Savich. Seeing
the great abilities of Puschina and foreseeing the future scientist
in him, Savich recommended him to the Hydrographic Expedition of the
Pushchin participated in all the work of the expedition, first as
a producer of hydrographic observations, and since 1871 as the chief
of a separate survey of the Caspian Sea after the death of the
previous chief Ivashintsov. The
results of these surveys are reflected in the works of Pushchina
“The Caspian Sea. Hydrographic
description and navigation guide” and “Magnetic observations in the
Caspian Sea”. For
the last work, which included full magnetic maps of the Caspian Sea,
Pushchin was awarded the
Imperial Russian Geographical Society a large gold
medal of Count F.P. Litke.
In 1875 Puschin was appointed head of the Baltic Sea. He
worked simultaneously in the Abov and Åland skerries on the
inventory of the main fairways and the determination of the elements
of terrestrial magnetism.
From 1882 Pushchin was the director of the hydrographic
Main Hydrographic Office in 1886, and also the chairman of the marine
Indefatigable, ardently and selflessly devoted to his work, a
rare connoisseur of his Pushchin selflessly worked for the benefit
of science, not limited to performing only official duties. He
actively worked at
Imperial Russian Geographical Society, first as an ordinary member and then as a
member of the board of the society. In
Imperial Russian Geographical Society chose Puschin as a delegate to the International
Geographical Congress in Paris.
In 1883 theImperial
Russian Geographical Society published in French the Puschin work "Overview
of Hydrographic Works in Russia for 1875–1881".
He died in St. Petersburg, buried in the Novodevichy cemetery. Tombstone
The island in
the Gribovaya Bay in the west of the southern island of Novaya
in 1889 by the officers of the schooner "Bakan".