Radzeevsky Victor Alexandrovich
captain and hydrograph, honorary polar explorer.
Born in the city of Chardzhui (Chardzhou). His
father was the captain of the steamer cruising along the Amu-Darya. Up
to two years, the boy was raised by his stepfather, who gave him his
last name, and then one mother was engaged in raising and
maintaining his son. In
the 1920s, together with his sick mother, Radzeevsky moved to
to his great need, at the age of 14 he was forced to stop his
studies and went to work in Ubekochernaz junior at the "Lotsman"
year later, he transferred to
hydrographic vessel "First of May" as a cabin boy,
In 1928 Radzeevsky arrived in Leningrad, entered the Marine
Technical School, which he graduated in 1931. First,
he was sailing on the steamer "Suchan" as the assistant captain,
third, second and senior assistant. In
participated in it in the Northeast polar expedition of the
People's Commissariat for Water and overwintered in the Chaun
After wintering in 1933 Radzeevsky transferred to the ship
"Sever", wintered again in the Chukchi Sea. In
1935 he graduated from advanced training courses for navigators and
was appointed captain of the then famous
hydrographic vessel "Toros", assigned to
In 1936 a boat crashed in Kolokolkovaya Bay of the Barents Sea
when returning from shore to ship, in which there were five people
from the Toros team and seven people from the surveyed party. When
passing through the "breakers" formed in the shallows, the boat
turned over the wave. One
person died immediately, the others managed to put the boat on the
keel and get into it. Help
to them in time did not come, and people froze to death. Captain
Radzeevsky and radio operator Semiglazov were arrested and put on
the trial, it turned out that the radio operator had violated the
instructions without informing the captain about the life of the
boat and its delay. As
a result, Radzeevsky was acquitted, and the radio operator was
sentenced to four years in the camps.
Captain of "Toros" V.A. Radzeevsky. 1937
(photo from the Wittenburg family archive)
In 1938-1939 "Toros"
under the command of Radzeevsky wintered in the southern part of
the Nordensheld archipelago in
the Kara Sea. Here
he showed himself not only as one of the best ice captains, but also
as a hydrograph.
In 1940 for merits in the development of the Northern Sea Route,
exemplary and dedicated work in navigation 1938-1939. Radzeevsky
was awarded the Order
of the Red Banner of Labor.
1940 was a tragic year for Toros. September
14 stormy night went at full speed to the island
Vilkitsky in the Kara
plotting the course, the captain did not take into account the
possibility of being ahead or away from the calculation and did not
take into account the malfunction of the lighthouse fire on the
a result, the ship went to the coastal stones. The
icebreaking ship “G. Sedov"
found the "Toros", flooded flush with the outboard water. There
was no question of removing it from the ground. They took only part
of the equipment and people. The
captain was demoted to senior officer.
With the beginning of the war, Radzeevsky volunteered for the
front, served in the Baltic Fleet. He
drove convoys and separate ships between Kronstadt and Lavensari,
was appointed navigator on the most difficult and demanding tasks. In
1943 alone, Radzeevsky conducted 18 convoys and 11 separate ships
between Kronstadt and Lavensari. Each
wiring of ships under continuous bombardment of enemy batteries was
a feat. For
courage and dedication Radzeevsky was awarded the Order
of the Patriotic War I degree.
On September 8, 1944 the minesweepers' division entered the
combat mission. The
flagship, on which was the captain-lieutenant Radzeevsky, hit a mine
and sank along with the whole crew.
the southwest of the island of Hohenlohe in the archipelago of Franz
Josef Land. The
name was suggested by polar hydrographs and approved by the
Arkhangelsk Regional Executive Committee in 1963 (Decision No. 651).
the islands of Chabak and Krasin in the Nordenskiöld archipelago in
the Kara Sea. Named
at the suggestion of V.A. Troitsky
in 1970, by Dixon hydrographs. Approved by the decision of the Dikson
regional executive committee of March 20, 1972.