(11.01.1827 – 27.01.1913)
Austrian aristocrat, Archduke, representative of the ruling dynasty of Habsburg. Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Austrian Empire in 1861-1865.
Born in the family of Archduke Rainer Joseph.
After serving in the army, in 1857 he was appointed chairman of the Reichsrat. He proved himself as a supporter of the transition to a constitutional form of government on a liberal and centralized basis. In 1860 he negotiated the expansion of the powers of parliament.
In 1861 Rainer became the nominal head of government under the liberal interior minister, Schmerling. His name is associated with the preparation and promulgation on February 26, 1861 of the February patent. In June 1865 during the discussion about the future of constitutional reform, Rainer left the post of minister-president and retired to private life.
Since 1861, Rainer was the curator of the Academy of Sciences (he held this post until his death), was the patron of the Austrian Museum of Arts and Industry. In 1899 the Archduke handed over to the Court Library the collection of papyrus he had acquired, which were discovered in Fayoum, which after his death was called the "Rainer Collection".
In 1873 he was the chairman of the organizing committee of the World Exhibition, which was held in Vienna.
In 1868-1906 he was the Commander-in-Chief of the Austrian Landwehr, from October 19, 1874 - Feldtseikhmeister, on November 15, 1908, was renamed General of the Infantry.
He died in Vienna.
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