Ratmanov Makar Ivanovich
Ratmanov was born in Toropetsky district of the Pskov province. After
graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps in the rank of midshipman
sailed on the ships of the Baltic Fleet.
The first baptism of fire received in battle with the Swedes at
The battle ended with the victory of the Russian fleet, and
Ratmanov for bravery and bravery, shown during the battle, was fired
After transferring to the Black Sea, Ratmanov participated in the
siege of the fortress of Corfu. Particularly
distinguished were his sailors during the blockade of the Ancon
fortress: they sank the French battleship and the 18-gun brig,
captured the transport ship, caused great damage to the fortress
more orders were added to the military awards of Ratmanov.
In 1802, Ratmanov was assigned to the expedition of I.F. Krusenstern senior
officer on the ship "Hope". By
the time he was a member of numerous naval battles in the Baltic,
Black and Adriatic seas.
In August 1803 a round-the-world cruise of the ships "Neva" and
"Nadezhda" began from Kronstadt. In
November for the first time in the history of the Russian fleet
ships crossed the equator, in February they passed Cape Horn, and in
July they reached Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. For
about a year, the expedition conducted research in the northwestern
Pacific Ocean. Then,
across the Indian and Atlantic oceans, having rounded the
Great Britain from
the north, the expedition returned on August 5, 1806 to Kronstadt. For
three years the Russian vessels plied the seas and oceans, making
geographical discoveries, enriching Russian science. After
the successful completion of the expedition, Ratmanov was given the
rank of Captain 2nd Rank, he was awarded the Order of St.
4, Grade and
was appointed commander of the battleship Pobeda on the Black Sea
In 1812 already in the rank of captain 1st rank, Ratmanov became
the commander of the "Borey" ship. He
participated in the campaign of the Russian squadron in England,
sailed to the Spanish shores, for more than ten years he was in the
British naval service.
12 years after the first voyage, he was offered the leadership of
a round-the-world expedition, but he refused for health reasons.
Continuing to serve in the Baltic, Ratmanov became the head of
the port of Krondstadt.
In 1816 in Oranienbaum he acquired a manor from the
Baratynsky brothers, which included a residential building, office
buildings, a garden and a vegetable garden.The
manor was against the naval hospital. Ratmanov’s
estate was often visited by fleet officers, including
In 1819 Ratmanov was offered to lead an expedition around the
world to the shores of Antarctica, but he refused to accept this
assignment due to an eye disease.
In 1824 Ratmanov commanded a light squadron. It
was the last year he spent on combat ships.
In 1826, having received the rank of Rear Admiral and the Order
Anna of 1 degree, Ratmanov was appointed duty general of the
Naval Staff, and in 1827 - Director of the Inspectorate of the Naval
Staff then established.
In 1829 he was promoted to vice admirals and appointed director
of one of the departments of the Marine Ministry.
He died in Oranienbaum, buried in the Sergius Desert in Strelna. In
1931 the tombstone was transferred to the Lazarevskoye
cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. Marble obelisk on
cast-iron legs; verse
An island in
the Bering Strait, one of the islands of Diomede. The
name was given by O.E. Kotzebue in
1816, the non-existent fourth island of this group. Later
the name was transferred to this island.
of Cape Berha on the east coast of the southern island of Novaya