Ratmanov Makar Ivanovich 

Russian navigator, vice-admiral. 
Ratmanov was born in Toropetsky district of the Pskov province. After graduating from the Naval Cadet Corps in the rank of midshipman sailed on the ships of the Baltic Fleet. 
The first baptism of fire received in battle with the Swedes at Rochensalm. 
The battle ended with the victory of the Russian fleet, and Ratmanov for bravery and bravery, shown during the battle, was fired as lieutenants. 
After transferring to the Black Sea, Ratmanov participated in the siege of the fortress of Corfu. Particularly distinguished were his sailors during the blockade of the Ancon fortress: they sank the French battleship and the 18-gun brig, captured the transport ship, caused great damage to the fortress itself. Two more orders were added to the military awards of Ratmanov. 
In 1802, Ratmanov was assigned to the expedition of I.F. Krusenstern senior officer on the ship "Hope". By the time he was a member of numerous naval battles in the Baltic, Black and Adriatic seas. 
In August 1803  a round-the-world cruise of the ships "Neva" and "Nadezhda" began from Kronstadt. In November  for the first time in the history of the Russian fleet  ships crossed the equator, in February they passed Cape Horn, and in July they reached Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. For about a year, the expedition conducted research in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Then, across the Indian and Atlantic oceans, having rounded the
Great Britain from the north, the expedition returned on August 5, 1806 to Kronstadt. For three years the Russian vessels plied the seas and oceans, making geographical discoveries, enriching Russian science. After the successful completion of the expedition, Ratmanov was given the rank of Captain 2nd Rank, he was awarded the Order of St. George 4, Grade and was appointed commander of the battleship Pobeda on the Black Sea Fleet. 
In 1812  already in the rank of captain 1st rank, Ratmanov became the commander of the "Borey" ship. He participated in the campaign of the Russian squadron in England, sailed to the Spanish shores, for more than ten years he was in the British naval service. 
12 years after the first voyage, he was offered the leadership of a round-the-world expedition, but he refused for health reasons. 
Continuing to serve in the Baltic, Ratmanov became the head of the port of Krondstadt. 

In 1816  in Oranienbaum  he acquired a manor from the Baratynsky brothers, which included a residential building, office buildings, a garden and a vegetable garden.The manor was against the naval hospital. Ratmanov’s estate was often visited by fleet officers, including Bellingshausen. 
In 1819  Ratmanov was offered to lead an expedition around the world to the shores of Antarctica, but he refused to accept this assignment due to an eye disease. 
In 1824  Ratmanov commanded a light squadron. It was the last year he spent on combat ships. 
In 1826, having received the rank of Rear Admiral and the Order of St. Anna of 1 degree, Ratmanov was appointed duty general of the Naval Staff, and in 1827 - Director of the Inspectorate of the Naval Staff then established. 
In 1829 he was promoted to vice admirals and appointed director of one of the departments of the Marine Ministry. 
He died in Oranienbaum, buried in the Sergius Desert in Strelna. In 1931  the tombstone was transferred to the Lazarevskoye cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery. Marble obelisk on cast-iron legs; verse epitaph. 
An island in the Bering Strait, one of the islands of Diomede. The name was given by O.E. Kotzebue in 1816, the non-existent fourth island of this group. Later the name was transferred to this island. 
Cape northwest of Cape Berha on the east coast of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya. He named by P.K.
Pakhtusov in 1833.


Return to the main page