Richards  George

English sailor, admiral, arctic explorer.
Born into the family of naval sailor Captain J.S. Richards, he set sail for the first time as part of the navy as early as 1832, at the age of twelve. Three years later, after serving on the islands of the West Indies, Richards was appointed ship midshipman on the Sulfur vessel, conducting research on the Pacific Ocean and managed by the future admiral F. Beachy who, due to health reasons, was replaced by Sir E. Belcher. During the five-year voyage, a thorough study of the west coast of America and the Pacific Islands was carried out. Part of this program was also the determination of the position and height of Mount St. Elias in Alaska. After being transferred to the Starling ship in 1840  Richards took part in the First Chinese War. In 1842  he was promoted to lieutenant and set out on the ship Philomel, guided by Admiral B.J. Sullivan, to explore the Falkland Islands. However, this ship was soon called in to survey the Parana and Uruguay rivers in 1845–1846, during which Lieutenant Richards repeatedly distinguished himself by his professional qualities, with the result that in 1846 he was promoted to captain of the 3rd rank. From 1848 to 1852 he served under the direction of Admiral Stokes, researching the coast of New Zealand. Upon returning home in 1852, Richards was assigned to the ship "Assistance", which was part of a group of ships under the leadership of E. Belcher, who was looking for the expedition of J. Franklin. "Assistance", accompanied by "Pioneer", surveyed the Wellington Strait. Near the northwestern tip of Devon Island in Northumberland Bay, ships were forced to hibernate, during which Richards, as part of a toboggan expedition, explored nearby canals, breaking more than 2,000 miles of ice. Upon returning to England in 1854  he was given the rank of Captain 1st Rank.
Since 1856, Richards has repeatedly carried out research expeditions on  Vancouver Island and surrounding areas. During this time, he acted as authorized to resolve a territorial dispute between Oregon and the United States. In England, Richards returned in 1863 across the Pacific Ocean, carrying out research during the journey. Upon his return, Richards was appointed a specialist in hydrography at the Naval Ministry. These duties he brilliantly performed for over 10 years.
In 1875  Richards was the chairman of the committee that considered the issue of renewing research in the Arctic. He received the rank of Rear Admiral, Vice Admiral, Admiral in 1870, 1877 and 1884 respectively, was awarded the title of holder of the Order of the Bath of 2 degrees in 1888, being a holder of the Order of the Bath of the 3rd degree since 1871. From 1874  Richards, who was on the list of retired officers, was actively involved in telegraphic communication problems in different parts of the world, holding the post of manager at the Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company.
During his long career  Richards did a lot for the development of science, which he was actively engaged in. He was a member of the Royal Geographical Society for 39 years, was his vice-president for three years, and participated in the discussion of issues related to Arctic exploration.
He died in Bath, Somerset.
Islands in Admiralty Bay on Baffin Island.

An island in the Beaufort Sea near the Mackenzie Delta.
Cape on Prince-Patrick Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Cape in the north of the  Ellesmere  Island.
Cape (George Richards) in the north of Melville Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

Bay to the northeast of the Melville Peninsula in the Fox Basin.

Glacier in the extreme east of the Geer Land on the bank of the Sturfjord. The coordinates are 77° 43.5'N   18° 11'E.


Return to the main page