English sailor, admiral, arctic explorer.
Born into the family of naval sailor Captain J.S. Richards, he
set sail for the first time as part of the navy as early as 1832, at
the age of twelve.
Three years later, after serving on the islands of the West
Indies, Richards was appointed ship midshipman on the Sulfur vessel,
conducting research on the Pacific Ocean and managed by the future
admiral F. Beachy
who, due to health reasons, was replaced by Sir
During the five-year voyage, a thorough study of the west coast
of America and the Pacific Islands was carried out.
Part of this program was also the determination of the position
and height of Mount St. Elias in Alaska.
After being transferred to the Starling ship in 1840 Richards
took part in the First Chinese War.
In 1842 he was promoted to lieutenant and set out on the ship
Philomel, guided by Admiral B.J. Sullivan, to explore the Falkland
However, this ship was soon called in to survey the Parana and
Uruguay rivers in 1845–1846, during which Lieutenant Richards
repeatedly distinguished himself by his professional qualities, with
the result that in 1846 he was promoted to captain of the 3rd rank.
From 1848 to 1852
he served under the direction of Admiral Stokes, researching the
coast of New Zealand.
Upon returning home in 1852, Richards was assigned to the ship
"Assistance", which was part of a group of ships under the
leadership of E. Belcher, who was looking for the expedition of
"Assistance", accompanied by
Near the northwestern tip of
Devon Island in
Northumberland Bay, ships were forced to hibernate, during which
Richards, as part of a toboggan expedition, explored nearby canals,
breaking more than 2,000 miles of ice.
Upon returning to England in 1854 he was given the rank of
Captain 1st Rank.
Since 1856, Richards has repeatedly carried out research
expeditions on Vancouver
Island and surrounding areas.
During this time, he acted as authorized to resolve a territorial
dispute between Oregon and the United States.
In England, Richards returned in 1863 across the Pacific Ocean,
carrying out research during the journey.
Upon his return, Richards was appointed a specialist in
hydrography at the Naval Ministry.
These duties he brilliantly performed for over 10 years.
In 1875 Richards was the chairman of the committee that
considered the issue of renewing research in the Arctic.
He received the rank of Rear Admiral, Vice Admiral, Admiral in
1870, 1877 and 1884 respectively, was awarded the title of holder of
the Order of the Bath of 2 degrees in 1888, being a holder of the
Order of the
Bath of the 3rd degree since 1871.
From 1874 Richards, who was on the list of retired officers, was
actively involved in telegraphic communication problems in different
parts of the world, holding the post of manager at the Telegraph
Construction and Maintenance Company.
During his long career Richards did a lot for the development of
science, which he was actively engaged in.
He was a member of the Royal Geographical Society for 39 years,
was his vice-president for three years, and participated in the
discussion of issues related to Arctic exploration.
He died in Bath, Somerset.
Islands in Admiralty Bay on Baffin
An island in the Beaufort
Sea near the Mackenzie Delta.
Cape on Prince-Patrick
Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Cape in the north of the
Cape (George Richards) in the north
of Melville Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
Bay to the northeast of the
Melville Peninsula in the Fox Basin.
Glacier in the extreme east of the
Geer Land on the bank of the Sturfjord.
The coordinates are 77°
43.5'N 18° 11'E.