Roze Nikolay Vladimirovich
An outstanding Soviet hydrologist, geomagnetologist, mechanic,
Born in Petersburg.
At the end of St. Petersburg University during 1912–1917
worked at the Main Physical Observatory.
Over the years, Roza taught at the Leningrad State University,
the Naval Academy, the Naval Hydrographic School, in 1932 he was
appointed the first director of the Central Institute of Terrestrial
Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity of the USSR Academy of
He left an outstanding mark in various fields of science:
geomagnetism, mechanics, hydrology, hydrography.
Since 1930, he has headed the department of terrestrial magnetism
at the University of Roze; since 1934, he headed the department of
Of great importance was his scientific work in the Arctic in
He led the first Soviet hydrographic expedition of the Arctic
Ocean, as a result of which it was possible to clarify the outlines
of the Novaya Zemlya coast, to study the navigation conditions in
the Barents and Kara seas.
On the initiative and under the leadership of Roze, a general
geomagnetic survey of our country was carried out in a relatively
The results of this survey were compiled into a magnetic catalog
of more than 26 thousand observations.
The catalog served as the basis for the construction of the
magnetic maps of the country of the 1940 epoch and the maps of the
secular course, which differed significantly from the previous,
largely schematic, maps.
For this work, Roze was awarded a car - a reward before the war
that was more rare than in the post-war years, the Lenin Prize.
VO 8 line house 5. Here in apartment 3 N.V.
Roze lived at the time of 1934
In a very short time he published several excellent textbooks on
In 1932, saw the light of his "Dynamics of a Solid Body" - the
first book of the domestic author on this issue.
In the same year in collaboration with N.E.
Kochin Roze published the textbook “Introduction to Theoretical
Hydromechanics”, which later became the first volume of the world
famous two-volume book N.Е.
Kibel and N.V.
Roze "Theoretical Fluid Mechanics".
Finally, in 1938, his Lectures on Analytical Mechanics were
Roze maintained friendly relations with
F. Nansen, U.
He was awarded a
gold medal of the All-Union Geographical Society.
Unfortunately, his bright, creative life, entirely devoted to the
service of national and world science, was cut short by unjustified
arrest and conviction in January 1942.
In the same year he died in prison.
The island at the entrance
to Chernaya Bay in the south of the southern island of Novaya
Named in 1921 by the topographer of the hidrographic expedition
Arctic ocean A.A.
Cape to the northeastern end of the
island of Lee-Smith in the archipelago of Franz Josef Land.
in the 1930s by Soviet cartographers.
Glacier in the composition
of the glacier Nordenskiöld on the northern island of Novaya Zemlya.
Named in 1921 by hidrographic expedition Arctic ocean.