Sabine Edward 

Outstanding English traveler, naturalist, arctic explorer, general. 
Born in Dublin, in a family of immigrants from Italy. Sabin was educated at the Royal Military Colleges in Marlow and Woolwich and in 1803 he began serving in the artillery corps. His military career was quite successful: in 1813 he became captain, in 1841 - lieutenant colonel, in 1851 - colonel, in 1859 - lieutenant-general and retired in 1874 with the rank of general. The main event of his military service was participation in the campaign against the United States, during which he commanded a battery in 1814 during the siege of Fort Irie. 
However, it was not the military field that made him famous. From the very first steps of the service, the attention and interests of Sabin were turned to physical research, especially to the study of terrestrial magnetism. He glorified his name not as a military man, but as an outstanding scientific researcher and traveler. 
At the end of the war in 1818, on the recommendation of the President and the Council of the Royal Geographical Society, Sabin was included as an astronomer on the expedition of John Ross sent in search of the Northwest Passage, and the following year with the same functions on the expedition of W. Parry. 
During 1821–1822 on the instructions of the English government, Sabin conducted a series of pendulum experiments, which were part of studies to determine the shape of the Earth at several stations in the equatorial regions of Africa and America. In 1823, he expanded the geographical scope of the experiment, conducting observations in Greenland, Spitsbergen, in Norway. For the expedition was allocated one of the ships Parry "Gripper" under the command of Captain Douglas Clavering. In East Greenland, in addition to geophysical observations, a survey of the coast was conducted. Captain Clavering in the course of a 12-day boat trip mapped a significant portion of the previously unknown coast, revealing a number of bays, capes and islands. 
In 1825, Sabin, together with John Herschel, joined the commission appointed by the British and French governments to accurately determine the lengths of the Greenwich and Paris observatories. In 1827, he was engaged in determining the differences in the length of the pendulums of these observatories. 
For many years, Sabin carried out numerous measurements of terrestrial magnetism, covering almost all regions of the Earth from the equator to the Arctic. He regularly reported on their results to the Royal Geographical Society and the British Association. An even more important role for science was played by the study of impetos performed by Sabin. 
Under the leadership of Sabin, materials from magnetic studies conducted by James Ross in Antarctica, as well as materials organized by the last magnetic stations on St. Helena Island and Van Diemen Land were processed. 
Sabin became a member of the Geographical Society in 1818, its vice-president in 1850, remaining on this post until 1871. 
In 1868 he was inducted into the Commission of Measures and Weights, was an honorary member and corresponding member of numerous leading academies and scientific societies in Europe and America, and had numerous foreign awards, in particular the Prussian Order of Merit.


Entrance to the Sabin family crypt

In 1869, for outstanding scientific discoveries, especially in the field of terrestrial magnetism, Sabin was awarded the Order of the Bath. 
He died in Istishin, Surrey. He was buried in the family crypt in Tevin, Hertfordshire.
Territory (Sabin Land) on the island of Western Spitsbergen south of the Tempel Fjord Bay.

Islands in the  Melville Bay Sea Baffin.

An island in the south of Committi Bay.


Sabine Island in the Greenland Sea

(photo from the Internet)


An island in the Greenland Sea near the coast of East Greenland. Opened and named by Captain Clavering in 1823. 
A peninsula on Melville Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Opened and named in 1853 during R. Hamilton's toboggan trip. 
Cape on Pim Island in Smith Strait between Greenland and Ellesmere Island. 
Cape in the Mackenzie Bay of the Beaufort Sea. 
Cape in the north of the Tennent Islands in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.

Cape in the southwest of the island Indre Norskøya to the north of the island of West Spitsbergen.

The mountain is 570 m high east of the Sabina Glacier, the island of Northeastern Earth, Spitsbergen. Coordinates 80° 10' 20° 40'E.

Glacier (Sabinebreen) in the north of the island of Northeastern Territory Spitsbergen archipelago and islands (Sabineeaine).

Bay in the north of the island Northeastern Land Spitsbergen archipelago. 
A cove on the north coast of Melville Island in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.


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