Savich Alexey Nikolaevich 

Famous Russian astronomer, member of the Academy of Sciences (since 1862). 
Born in Belovodsk, Sumy County, Kharkov Province. 
In 1829 he graduated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of Kharkov University, in 1833 received a master's degree in astronomy for speaking “On different ways to determine the longitude and latitude of places”, after which he was sent to a professorial institute at the Derpt (now Yuryevsky) University. Under the leadership of V.Ya. Struve Savich acquired extensive information in practical astronomy and the experience of an excellent observer.In 1836–1838 He was sent to the Caucasus to level the space (824 miles) between the Caspian and Black Seas, finally establishing the fact that the Caspian Sea is more than ten fathoms below the Black Sea. On the basis of this work, Savich prepared and defended his doctoral thesis. 
At the end of 1839 he received an invitation to St. Petersburg University for the post of professor in the department of astronomy and higher geodesy. 
The works of Savich brought him an honorable place among members of the astronomical community. His research interests included the definition of the orbits of comets, planets and their satellites, the study of astronomical refraction, barometric leveling, the application of probability theory to the processing of observations. Great role Savich and as a teacher and educator of youth. He wrote: “The application of practical astronomy to the geographical definition of places", published in 1845 and 1869 - 1871. In terms of content, this is a complete guide to the use of portable astronomical instruments, outlining the best techniques for producing observation and for calculating them. It was twice translated into German and for many years served both in Russia and abroad, as a practical astronomy textbook. In 1857, Savich published a no less valuable training manual - “Application of probability theory to the calculation of observations”; this book was also an excellent guide to the subject. At the end of his professorship, he undertook the publication of an astronomy course, for which his lectures at the university served as material. The first volume of this publication, Spherical Astronomy, was published in 1874, and the last (containing the theoretical part) was published after his death. With these works, Savich filled a significant gap in the Russian academic literature and to a high degree contributed to the spread and facilitate the study of astronomy both in Russia and abroad. 
St. Petersburg University is obliged to Savich by the foundation of a small educational astronomical observatory. Contemporaries noted that “for 40 years teaching astronomy and higher geodesy, he contributed so much to the fame of his physics and mathematics faculty with his works and personal activities that the St. Petersburg University became the center where people from all over Russia wanted to study astronomy. Being thus the main engine and distributor of astronomical education in our country, Savich became the teacher of most modern Russian astronomers and professors”.  
He died in his estate Grace Tula province. As Professor S. Glazenap wrote in his biographical essay, “after listening to the liturgy in the parish church, he visited a sick priest and talked with him about the significance of the celebration of the Dormition of the Mother of God and the immortality of the soul.Returning home, he sat down to rest on a bench in his garden and died quietly”.

He was buried in a family place at the Smolensk Lutheran cemetery in St. Petersburg. Tombstone Savich lost. 
Mountain, valley, stream and lake in the southern part of the island of West Spitsbergen.


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