Scoresby William Jr.
(05.10.1789 – 21.03.1857)
English scientist, Arctic explorer and clergyman.
Born in Crutton, a village near Pickering, 26 miles south of Whitby. His father, William Skorsby Sr., was engaged in whaling in the Arctic waters. According to the records of his son, it was he who in 1807 came up with the design of the crow's nest. Already at the age of eleven years, William was on board his father's ship. Since 1803, he and his father are sailing on the whaling vessel Resolution , where he becomes a senior assistant.
In the summer of 1822, the father and son went to the whale Baffin along the east coast of Greenland. During the voyage, Skorsby described in detail about 400 miles of the coast, from 69° 30' to 72° 30'N. In 1823, he published his Diary of Journey to the Northern Whaling Area ( Journal of the Northern Fishery, including Researches and Discoveries on the Eastern Coast of Greenland ), making it one of the most significant researchers in the Arctic at that time.
The voyage of 1822 was the last for William. When he returned, he learned of the death of his wife, which pushed him to the path of the priest. Scientific research, however, he did not leave, doing, among other things, the study of magnetism.
He died in England in the city of Torquay, Devon. He was buried in the Church of St. Mary the Virgin, the city of Whitby, North Yorkshire, England.
Peninsula (Scorsby Land) on the east coast of Greenland. Named after the father and son of Scoresby.
An islet north of Svalbard in Nordenskiöld Bay.
Bay on the east coast of Greenland, the greatest bay of Greenland. Named after the father and son of Scoresby.
Bay in the Strait Kane Basin on the east coast of Ellesmere Island.
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