Semenov-Tian-Shansky Petr Petrovich
outstanding Russian geographer, zoologist, statistician, public and
statesman, one of the greatest travelers of the mid-XIX - early XX
Born the village of Urusovo, near Ryazan, in the family of a
retired captain, a member of the Battle of Borodino. Up
to 15 years he was brought up in the village, developing
independently, with the help of the books of the family library. His
interest in geography in his childhood was aroused by a game with
the names of countries, continents, rivers, cities. Very
attracted his plant world. A
rich collection of books on gardening helped him independently
understand the systematics of plants, of which there was a lot of
home greenhouse. He
invented his names to them and tried to learn as much as possible,
making excursions outside the estate and the nearest forest.
His first educational institution was the school of Guards
Sub-ensigns and Junkers, after which he entered as a volunteer at
St. Petersburg University in the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics
in the Department of Natural Sciences
Having completed his studies at the university in 1848, Semenov
decided to study science. In
1853, he began to lecture on geography and geology at the University
of Berlin. Here
he had the idea of the Tien Shan study, suggested by A.
For two years, Semenov visited Altai, Tarbagatay, Semirechensky
and Zailiysky Alatau, Issyk-Kul Lake, the first European traveler to
penetrate Tien Shan and the first to visit the highest mountain
group of Khan-Tengri. At
that time he collected rich collections on the country's natural
history and geology. And
in 1906, the prefix Tian-Shansky was made for his services in the
discovery and first study of the mountainous country Tian-Shan.
Memorial plaque. Petersburg,
BO, 8 line, 39
From 1873 to 1914, Semenov was vice-president of the Russian
Geographical Society, making a huge contribution to the organization
of scientific expeditions of Przhevalsky, Potanin, Kozlov,
Roborovsky, Velikhanov, Mushketov, Obruchev. From
his pen came capital works on geography, he collected a unique
collection of insects (about 700 thousand copies), as well as a rich
collection of paintings by Dutch artists, who later transferred to
In 1897, Semenov organized the First General Census of the
Russian Population. He
completed his journey by a world famous scientist. More
than 60 academies of Europe and Russia elected Semenov-Tien-Shansky
as their honorary member.
The merits of Semenov are marked by the orders of St. Andrew
the First-Called, St. Vladimir of the 1, 2, 3 and 4 degrees, St.
Alexander of Nevsky, the White
Anna of the 1 degree, St.Stanislav
1 degree, Crown of Bukhara, Diamond signs to the Order of St.
Alexander Nevsky and numerous medals.
He died of accidental pneumonia in Petersburg, buried in the Smolensk
the west of the Bolshevik island of the Northern Land archipelago. Named
in the 1950s by polar
the island of Edge, Svalbard. Coordinates 78° 06.5'N 22° 33'E.
Chekina Bay on the east coast of the northern island of New Earth. Named
in 1902 by A.A. Borisov.
Middendorf Bay on the coast of Khariton Laptev on Taimyr. Named
the Russian Polar Expedition of E.V. Toll in 1900.