Sergievsky Dmitry Nikanorovich
Born in Chita in the family of a teacher. He
studied at the gymnasium, but his passion for the sea, which was
not very clear for a Chita boy, forced him to leave school and
go to Vladivostok. He
became a sailor, and in 1914 entered the Vladivostok Maritime
Naval School: he studied in the winter, received theoretical
training, and in the summer he sailed on commercial ships,
gaining practical experience in maritime service.
The First World War began, many of the Vladivostok youths,
comrades of Sergievsky, were jealous of those who left to fight. Immediately
after receiving a diploma navigator in 1917, Sergievsky on
mobilization went to Petrograd in the 2nd Baltic Fleet crew,
where he was enrolled in the school of midshipmen of wartime.
The situation on the fronts was tense, a revolution was
brewing, and at the end of September cadets without exams were
sent to warships. Sergievsky
was appointed navigator officer at the Bereya mine-network
barricade assigned to Helsingfors, but military service did not
last long — he was demobilized after the revolution.
While still studying with Sergievsky, a tendency towards
research was evident, he followed with interest, for example,
the progress of the hydrographic expedition of the Arctic Ocean
under the command of B.А. Vilkitsky,
dreamed of someday to take part in these or similar studies. In
1918, it seemed, there were real chances of participating in
such an expedition, but all plans were violated by the outbreak
of civil war. Sergievsky
returned to Vladivostok and entered Dobroflot, on whose ships he
worked for ten years and rose to the level of captain.
In 1930, Sergievsky made his first voyage to the North,
taking a steamer from Vladivostok to the mouth
of the Kolyma. The
track was not examined at all at that time, the captains studied
it, as they say, with a keel and sides. He
navigated three navigations as an ordinary captain, then became
head of the Kolyma expedition. As
a rule, trips to Kolyma ended in wintering, Sergievsky, however,
won the glory of a non-captain.
In 1935, he moved to the
Main Directorate of the Northern Sea Route system;
as an assistant chief of maritime operations, he led the
movement of vessels in the eastern sector of the Arctic.
In the severe year of 1937, Sergievsky commanded the steamer
“Rabochy”, which, as part of a caravan driven by the icebreaker
“Lenin”, was wintering in the ice of the
Khatanga Bay. Wintering
ended tragically. January
23, 1938 the ship was crushed by ice. The
last to leave him was the captain.
In 1939, Sergievsky moved to Moscow, receiving an appointment
as a senior naval inspector at the Arctic Fleet and Port
this post, his high demands, honesty, impartiality, which
combined him with sincerity, compassion, goodwill, modesty, were
even more pronounced.
Having occupied a high administrative post, Sergievsky,
nevertheless, did not want to move away from practical work at
the start of navigation, he took on the implementation of
complex non-standard operations. On
the icebreaker "Krasin" participated in the search for the
missing plane S.A. Levanevsky,
commanded the steamer “Revolutionary”, which participated in the
operation from the west to the east of dredgers and tugboats, in
the navigation operation in 1939, in the summer of 1940 as an
ice pilot with A.G. Karelskyh led the German raider “Komet”
from west to east by the North Sea, and in the winter of 1941,
as a group captain, guided the risky pilotage of two excavators
from Arkhangelsk to Murmansk. His
participation in the Arctic voyages did not stop with the
beginning of the war.
Sergievsky died in the Barents Sea west of Bear Island when
returning from a business trip abroad, together with the ship
"Stalingrad", which was marching from England with military cargoes
in the convoy PQ-18 and torpedoed by a German submarine.
the Chukchi Sea, separating the island Kolyuchin from the mainland. Named
no later than 1945.