The main merchant of the Hudson’s company.
Born in Dingval, Rosshire, Ireland, he was educated at King's
College in Aberdeen.
Simpson could make a brilliant career at the University of
Aberdeen, but at the end of his studies he left for Canada and
entered the service of the Hudson company.
In it the thirst for travel prevailed.
He set himself a goal no more and no less than the opening of the
Simpson, together with
P. Dease for the
Company's money, made a trip, the purpose of which was to explore
the North American coast in two more unexplored areas: the west -
between Cape Barrow and Cape Povorny in the eastern part
of the Huda River
Delta, which in 1821 reached
Franklin, and east - between
the mouth of the river Mednorudnaya and the peninsula of Butia.
In 1837, they descended from Fort Chipevayan on Lake Athabasca
along the Great Slave and
Rivers, reached the sea and walked west along the coast, breaking
500 km - more than the J. Franklin party in 1826.
After wintering in 1837–1838 on the shore of Lake Bolshoi
Medvezhiy, in the spring the expedition headed towards the
From it went to the east, circled around Cape Barrow and passed
the area of research of J. Franklin in 1821.
Walking along the coast, we saw the island of Victoria in the
After wintering again on the shore of the Great Bear Lake in the
following 1839, the boats “Castor” and “Pollux” with good ice
conditions passed to the mouth of the Big Fish River, studied by
J. Bak in
1833–1835, and further to the mouth of a small river the southern
part of the peninsula Butiya, calling it Castor and Pollux.
On the way back, we visited
King William Island,
where after nine years Franklin's expedition would find its end.
The Simpson and Dis expedition traveled 2,400 km in boats, which
was a record for the Arctic.
The results are superior to what was achieved by their
predecessors in the area.
Although the Royal Geographical Society awarded Simpson with a
gold medal, their remarkable achievements were not duly noted.
They were looked upon as simple industrialists, not having the
right to stand on a par with naval officers.
Simpson's end was tragic.
There are three main competing points of view on the
circumstances of his death: 1) official - while in an insane state,
Simpson killed two of his comrades, and then committed suicide.
2) conspiracy theories: Simpson's comrades killed him, possibly
for his documents, and then concealed the crime.
3) shootout theory - Simpson attacked his comrades, killing two,
but then was shot by others, who came up with a story of suicide
because they were afraid that his fame could lead to accusations
Simpson was buried in a nameless grave in Canada.
Peninsula east of the
Discovered by J.
Rae in 1846–1847.
Cape on the north coast of Alaska
near Cape Barrow.
Discovered in 1837 by the expedition of Dease – Simpson.
Cape in the east of Herschel Island
off the coast of North America in the Beaufort Sea.
Cape in the south of
Committi Bay on the northern coast of Canada.
The cliff to the west of
Queen Maud Bay in northern Canada in the Beaufort Sea.
A bay in the southwest of
the island of Victoria in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
in the Beaufort Sea
between the mainland and the Jones Islands east of the longitude 150°
Lake northwest of Big Bear
A lake in northern Canada west of
The strait separating keenly
King William from the North American continent.