Born in Florida, New York.
In 1820 he graduated from the state college, then studied law and
in 1822 received the right to practice law.
He began it in 1823 in the city of Auburn, but soon showed great
interest in politics, which gradually led him away from the main
In 1830, Seward was elected to the Senate of the State of New
York, and from that moment on he constantly, with some
interruptions, was a member and leader of various political and
state bodies that determined the activities of the state and the
Becoming one of the founders of the Whig Party, Seward became the
first governor of New York State, having stayed in this post for
His administration experienced serious difficulties due to
internal differences in the party, but Seward managed to carry out a
number of progressive reforms, which eventually strengthened the
position of the party in the state.
During his rule, a large number of discriminatory restrictions
for foreigners were removed, many economic problems were settled,
and the State Geological Survey was organized.
It was during this period that Seward first showed himself as an
implacable fighter against slavery.
there was a break in Seward's political activities, after which a
new stage began at the state level.
In 1849, he was elected to the US Senate, where he gained great
influence both as a party leader and as advisor to President Z.
Taylor, who opposed radical supporters of slavery.
The speeches of Seward were very sharp and caused great
irritation among the democrats of the southern states of the United
When M. Filmore came to power in 1850 - a supporter of the
compromise on the issue of slavery, Seward withdrew from the Whigs
who supported the President and moved to the Republican Party
created in 1854, becoming soon one of its leaders.
In 1858, in a speech in Rochester, he called the growing
divergence between the North and the South "irreconcilable
This definition was later often cited by many political figures.
During the years 1861–1869
Seward was Secretary of State under Presidents A. Lincoln and E.
Johnson, determined US foreign policy, which was supposed to be very
subtle, thought out and balanced in the conditions of the civil war
This was especially true of relations with England and France.
Great is the role of Seward in the acquisition in 1867 of Alaska.
He had to overcome the resistance of numerous opponents of this
transaction, the "stupidity of Seward", as they called it.
Contemporaries underestimated the purchase of 586,412 square
miles (1,518,800 sq. Km.) For 7,200,000 dollars (that is, 4.94
dollars / sq. Km.).
Journalists excelled at inventing nicknames for a new land.
The most innocuous were the Seward's Refrigerator (Seward's
Icebox) and Johnson's polar bear garden.
Alaska is currently celebrating Seward Day on the last Monday of
In the town of Seward installed his bust.
At the end of life, in 1870–1871
Seward made a tour around the world, during which he received
with the greatest honor in the capitals of all the leading European
Fort Hill Cemetery
He died on his estate in Ohrn,
words addressed to his relatives were:
the Fort Hill
Cemetery in Auburn
with his wife and two
tombstone epitaph: "He
The peninsula in the west of Alaska
between the bays of Norton in the south and Kotzebue in the north.
Its opening was completed by the expedition
"Rurik" in 1815-1818.
Island (Sewart) in the Norton Bay
south of the Sjuard peninsula.