Scott-Hansen  Sigurd

Norwegian sailor, senior officer and first navigator of the ship F. Nansen "Fram".
Born in Christiania (Oslo) in the family of the ship's priest. He graduated from the naval military school in Horten. In 1889 he received the first officer's rank, and in 1892 - the rank of senior lieutenant.
At the Fram, in addition to its main responsibilities, Scott-Hansen was engaged in meteorological, astronomical and magnetic observations. Excellent character and high professional qualities made him the favorite of all members of the expedition. After the departure of Nansen and Johansen on a sleigh trip to the North Pole, he became an assistant to the commander of the ship, Otto Sverdrup. For participation in the expedition was awarded the silver medal of the Royal Geographical Society of Great Britain. In 1898 he was awarded the rank of captain, and in 1910 - the title of commander-captain.
After the expedition continued military service in the fleet. In 1902, Scott-Hansen commanded the flagship of the Norwegian Navy Heimdal, who met the Fram after the expedition of O. Sverdrup to Arctic Canada and towed him to the capital.
Like all European polar explorers, Scott-Hansen paid much attention to the problem of trade relations with Siberia by the Northern Sea Route. He studied the history of navigation on this route, was on the Yenisei, went down to Turukhansk, familiarized himself with cargoes that are important for export and import, and collected detailed information on river and rail freight. On the basis of all this extensive information, he came to the conclusion about the commercial feasibility, advantageous use of the Northern Sea Route. Scott-Hansen believed that ships with a draft of 15 feet or even more could enter the mouth of the Yenisei and rise to Turukhansk and Lower Tunguska. Further, river vessels can deliver cargo to Krasnoyarsk, to the railway. He considered it possible to increase the duration of navigation up to three months.
In 1910, Scott-Hansen addressed his views on this problem in St. Petersburg in front of a group of Siberians - deputies of the State Duma. In his speech, he touched on the reasons hindering the development of northern maritime shipping: high insurance, lack of equipped transshipment points and warehouses, small number of entrepreneurs.
In 1933 he retired. In 1936, Captain 2nd Rank Retired Scott-Hansen participated in the opening ceremony of the Fram Museum as a representative of the first expedition on this illustrious vessel.

He died in Oslo.


Scott- Hansen Islands

(photo by EA Gusev)

Islands in the Kara Sea near the Mikhailov Peninsula. Opened in 1740 by navigators F. Minin and D. Sterlegov. Named in 1893 by F. Nansen.
Cape on the island of Nansen in the Kara Sea. Named by Russian Polar Expedition in 1901.

Mountain on the east bank of the Smerenburg Fjord, Albert I Land. The coordinates are 79° 40'N   11° 00'E.


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