Norwegian sailor, senior officer and first navigator of the ship
Born in Christiania (Oslo) in the family of the ship's priest.
He graduated from the naval military school in Horten.
In 1889 he received the first officer's rank, and in 1892 - the
rank of senior lieutenant.
At the Fram, in addition to its main responsibilities,
Scott-Hansen was engaged in meteorological, astronomical and
Excellent character and high professional qualities made him the
favorite of all members of the expedition.
After the departure of Nansen and
Johansen on a sleigh trip to the North Pole, he became an
assistant to the commander of the ship,
For participation in the expedition was awarded the silver medal
Royal Geographical Society of Great Britain.
In 1898 he was awarded the rank of captain, and in 1910 - the
title of commander-captain.
After the expedition continued military service in the fleet.
In 1902, Scott-Hansen commanded the flagship of the Norwegian
Navy Heimdal, who met the Fram after the expedition of O. Sverdrup
to Arctic Canada and towed him to the capital.
Like all European polar explorers, Scott-Hansen paid much
attention to the problem of trade relations with Siberia by the
Northern Sea Route.
He studied the history of navigation on this route, was on the
Yenisei, went down to Turukhansk, familiarized himself with cargoes
that are important for export and import, and collected detailed
information on river and rail freight.
On the basis of all this extensive information, he came to the
conclusion about the commercial feasibility, advantageous use of the
Northern Sea Route.
Scott-Hansen believed that ships with a draft of 15 feet or even
more could enter the mouth of the Yenisei and rise to Turukhansk and
Further, river vessels can deliver cargo to Krasnoyarsk, to the
He considered it possible to increase the duration of navigation
up to three months.
In 1910, Scott-Hansen addressed his views on this problem in St.
Petersburg in front of a group of Siberians - deputies of the State
In his speech, he touched on the reasons hindering the
development of northern maritime shipping: high insurance, lack of
equipped transshipment points and warehouses, small number of
In 1933 he retired.
In 1936, Captain 2nd Rank Retired Scott-Hansen participated in
the opening ceremony of the Fram Museum as a representative of the
first expedition on this illustrious vessel.
He died in Oslo.
(photo by EA Gusev)
Islands in the Kara Sea near the
Opened in 1740 by navigators
F. Minin and
Named in 1893 by F. Nansen.
Cape on the island of Nansen in the
Named by Russian Polar Expedition in 1901.
Mountain on the east bank of the
Smerenburg Fjord, Albert
The coordinates are 79°