Born in the village of Oselki,
Kaluga province, but still in infancy he was transported to the
Smolensk province, to the homeland of his father, where he spent his
childhood, adolescence and youth.
He studied at the Smolensk
Alexandrovsky Real School, but was expelled from grade 5 "because of
low academic performance and for bad behavior on suspicion of
belonging to student revolutionary organizations".
To continue his studies,
Sokolov-Mikitov left for St. Petersburg in 1910 and entered the
4-year agricultural courses of the General Directorate for Land
Management and Agriculture.
There began to take shape his
In St. Petersburg, Sokolov-Mikitov
formed a wide circle of acquaintances, which largely determined his
It included the pilot G.V.
Alekhnovich, traveler and naturalist
Svatosh, writers A.I.
The young man was convinced that he
was not inclined towards agronomical sciences, left the courses and
began to attend literary disputes and public libraries.
In 1910, the first work was born -
the tale "The Salt of the Earth".
In 1912, Sokolov-Mikitov moved to
Revel (now Tallinn), where he worked as secretary of the newspaper
Revelsky Leaf, and from there he went as a sailor on his first
voyage, visiting Turkey, Egypt, Syria, Greece, Africa, the
Netherlands, England, Italy.
Sea travel interrupted the First
Having demobilized in 1918,
Sokolov-Mikitov went to his parents in the Smolensk region, worked
there as a teacher of a unified labor school.
By this time he had already
published the first stories noticed by Bunin and Kuprin.
Since 1919, he again entered the
In 1920, from the steamer "Omsk",
sold in Goule England (at auction), it was among the other members
of the crew charged off to the coast.
He lived in England, Germany, met
Yesenin and Isadora Duncan, A.M.
In 1922, Sokolov-Mikitov returned to
Russia, settled in the Smolensk region.
Here he created his best works: the
stories “Childhood”, “Helen”, “Chizhikova Lavra”, cycles of stories
“On the River Nevestnitsa”, “For the Someone's Realm” and others.
In most of them, the theme of the
Russian village, the fate of the Russian peasantry, is close to the
His work was highly appreciated by
Kuprin, M. Gorky.
In 1929, Sokolov-Mikitov moved with
his family to Gatchina.
During this period, he, as a
Izvestia correspondent, participated in
Sedov”, expedition to rescue
Arctic expeditions gave him material
for a series of essays on the “White Shores” and an essay story
Numerous travels of the writer
around the country are described in the books "Lenkoran", "Ways of
the ships", "Swans are flying", "Northern stories", "On the awakened
land", "Stories about the Motherland".
Sokolov-Mikitov is widely known as a
His books "Fox Dodges",
"Listopadnichek", "Friendship of Animals", "Karacharovsky House" and
many others acquaint the little reader with the colorful world of
collections of Russian children's
books "On a Pebble", "Zaryatsya-Zarenitsa" - with folk traditions
During the war years,
Sokolov-Mikitov served in the forest conservation of the Perm
There he met with V.V.
Bianchi, wrote stories from the
lives of children in the evacuation.
In the summer of 1945 he returned
with his family to Leningrad.
For a quarter of a century, the life
of Sokolov-Mikitov was associated with the Karacharovo Konakovsky
District, where since the summer of 1952 he spent most of the year.
There was work on the books
“Childhood”, “On the Warm Earth”, “Sounds of the Earth”,
“Karacharovsky Records” and others.
During this period, Sokolov-Mikitov
often turned to the memoir genre.
Then “Autobiographical notes”,
“Dating with childhood” were written.
The book of memories “Old Meetings”,
which the author wrote until the last day, contains portrait essays
by writers M. Gorky, I. Bunin, A. Kuprin, M. Prishvin, K. Fedin, A.
Green, A. Twardowski, polar explorer P. Svirnenko, artist and
scientist N. Pinegin
Sokolov-Mikitov experienced a lot of
grief in his personal life - he was destined to bury his three
In the last years of his life the
writer went blind.
The last book of memoirs “Old
Meetings” was written under dictation and was published after his
Works Sokolov-Mikitova translated
into many languages of the world.
He died in Moscow, where he lived
the last 11 years of life.
The urn with ashes was buried in the
Bay (Mikitova) northeast of the
Savich Peninsula on the western coast of the northern island of
Named in 1930, the expedition to the
licebreaker steamer "G.