Sverdrup Harald Ulrik 
(15.11.1888–21.08.1957


Norwegian polar explorer, geophysicist, meteorologist and oceanographer, member of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, professor of several Norwegian and American institutions. 
Born in Sogndal in the family of a major bourgeois politician. Otto Sverdrup is his cousin. 
He graduated in 1911 from the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of the University in Oslo, began to engage in research work while still a student. 
After graduating from university for several years, Sverdrup was engaged in meteorological research, working as an assistant at the Department of Geophysics of the University of Leipzig, led by the creator of dynamic meteorology by Norwegian professor V. Bjerknes. In 1917, he defended his doctoral thesis on the North Atlantic Passat, and in the same year he became a participant and scientific leader of the expedition of R. Amundsen on the ship Mod, which carried out the third through passage through the entire history of the Northeast Passage. 
Severe Amundsen spoke very warmly of his comrade: “These are the kind of people who should be picked up on an expedition, like ours, people who are not afraid of any work, if it only leads to a goal”. And: “Of the many wonderful qualities of Sverdrup, I especially admire one — he studied everything that is between heaven and earth ... . If this expedition ends successfully, he can proudly raise his head and say: “You owe me that! ...". You may get the impression of Sverdrup as a boring scientist. Nothing could be more wrong. This is the most natural person in the world, cheerful, cheerful, devoid of any artificiality, sometimes showing a purely boyish character .... It usually happens that if someone asks about something, others answer: Ask Sverdrup! If you need anything, everyone shouts: Go to Sverdrup !. If you put it all into one and try to identify Sverdrup, then you have to say: Wonderful fellow”! 
During the first wintering in 1919, he made a luge trip to Cape Chelyuskin and received his updated coordinates, close to the modern definition. Second wintering 1919-1920 held near the island of Aion. Here Sverdrup obtained valuable materials on the dynamics of the waters of the East Siberian Sea, its meteorological and upper-air regime, and also terrestrial magnetism. He studied the Chukchi language and for seven and a half months accompanied the local Chukchi in their movement along the coast. The results of Sverdrup's observations on the life and customs of the locals were included in the Amundsen report, published in 1921. 
During the third wintering at Cape Heart-Kamen, Sverdrup and Captain "Maud" Visting made a luge trip around the Chukotka Peninsula to the Bay of the Cross. Sverdrup, Visting and Olonkin were the only members of the expedition who were part of it during all seven years of its work. He was the editor of the scientific reports of the expedition and the author of a significant part of them. 
After returning to his homeland in 1925, Sverdrup was a professor at the Geophysical Institute in Bergen for five years, and from 1928 to 1940 at the Carnegie Institute Research Association. In 1926–1928 He participated in the navigation of the first non-magnetic vessel "Carnegie" in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, in the same years he collaborated in the "Aeroarctic" society created by F. Nansen, in 1931 carried out scientific leadership in the expedition of H. Wilkins on the submarine "Nautilus", in 1934, together with the famous polar explorer, Professor H. Alman, organized an expedition to Svalbard. 
From 1936 to 1948, Sverdrup was the director of one of the largest American oceanographic institutes - the name of Scrips at the University of California. 
During the Second World War, he was engaged in the preparation of oceanologists, solved a number of scientific tasks on the instructions of the navy. 
In 1948, Sverdrup returned to his homeland and headed the Norwegian Polar Institute in Oslo. 
In the last years of his life, he took an active part in holding international oceanographic and Arctic conferences.

He died in the province (county) Akershus near Oslo, cremated, the place of burial of the ashes is unknown. 
The rock on the southern shore of the Maud Bay on the east bank of Taimyr.
Called by R. Amundsen in 1919.

Cape on the east side of the Smerenburg fjord, Alberta I Land, West Svalbard Island. The coordinates are 79° 42.1'N    11° 13.5'E.

Glacier , Gustav V Land, North-Eastern Earth Islands, Svalbard. The coordinates are 80° 08'N   20° 25'E.

 

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