Test Bunya Isaakovna
Born in the city of Novozybkov, Chernigov Province (now Smolensk
region) in the family of a tradesman.
In 1927, Test entered the geological department of the Leningrad
Mining Institute, which she graduated in 1931, receiving a diploma
in petrograph engineer.
From 1929, as a student, she began working in the petrographic
office of the Geological Committee, and after graduating from the
institute during 1932–1941.
was a member of the All-Union Arctic Institute and the research
department of the Mining and Geological Administration.
The test took an active part in both cameral and field studies,
in 1932 and 1934 was part of the expeditions working on Novaya
Her research interests were the genesis and lithology of
sedimentary and, to a greater extent, igneous and metamorphic rocks
of various regions of the Soviet Arctic.
The geographical range of its research is very wide: from the
archipelago of Franz Josef Land to Yakutia.
The outbreak of war deprived her husband, Arctic geologist V.A.
Kuklin, who died in besieged Leningrad, and the youngest
In 1942, Test was evacuated with her two remaining children
(Lev’s son, a famous Russian poet and novelist
Lev Kuklin, daughter Irina) to the town of Velsk in the
Arkhangelsk Region, where until 1946 she worked as a senior
inspector at the Severo-Dvinsk labor camp.
After returning from evacuation, Test continued its geological
activity in the same research department of the Mining and
Geological Administration, which in 1948 was transformed into the
Arctic Geological Research Institute.
Despite a forced five-year break, she quickly regained her
professional knowledge and gradually became one of the leading
experts in petrography and petrology of igneous rocks.In
1951, Test defended her thesis as a candidate of geological and
Her research and production activities ended in 1964 due to
She died in Petersburg, buried in the
the city crematorium.
Cape in Mutafi Bay on the southern
island of Novaya Zemlya.
Named in 1934 by V.A.