Tillo Alexey Andreevich
outstanding Russian geographer, cartographer, geodesist,
corresponding member of the Petersburg (1892) and Paris Academy of
Sciences, chairman of the department of mathematical geography of
the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, lieutenant-general,
Born in Kiev.
Occurred from a French noble family, his grandfather moved to
Father Tillo was an officer of the corps of engineers of
communications, grandfather taught in educational institutions of
Tillo was the first to graduate from the Kiev Cadet School and
was sent to St. Petersburg to the Konstantinovsky Cadet Corps (later
an artillery school), from which he left as an ensign in 1859.
The following year, he entered the Mikhailovsky Artillery
Academy, where his outstanding mathematical skills showed up, and
then the geodesic department of the Academy of the General Staff in
After graduation, he trained for two years at the Pulkovo
Observatory under the guidance of the famous astronomer
In 1886, Thillo was sent in the rank of captain and as a surveyor
at the disposal of the commander of the Orenburg military district,
in the same year he received the rank of lieutenant colonel and the
post of chief of the military topographic department of the
Over 4-5 years of service in this region, he made six topographic
and geodetic expeditions to remote steppe areas.
In subsequent years, Thillo held a number of command positions.
His academic career began after leaving the General Staff.
Thillo's scientific work was very multifaceted.
Together with Yu.M.
he compiled hypsometric maps of the European part of Russia,
measured the length of the main rivers of Russia.
He organized and carried out work to determine the differences in
the levels of the Caspian and Aral seas, he was engaged in
terrestrial magnetism and meteorology, he explored the Kursk
Tillo took an active part in the work of the Imperial Russian
Geographical Society, was the head of one of its departments, twice,
in 1872 and 1877, was awarded the gold medals of the society.
In addition, among his scientific awards were two I class gold
medals from the International Geological Congress in Venice, a gold
medal from the French Society of Topography, a gold medal from Count
Tolstoy from the Academy of Sciences and many others.
He was a member of a number of scientific societies in various
According to the reviews of contemporaries, Tillo was
distinguished by extraordinary diligence, curiosity, friendliness
and gentleness of character.
Often, he “with special persistence applied to the Council of the
Geographical Society for the appointment of medals to workers, for
some reason forgotten and left in the shadows, sometimes deviating
from casting a vote in favor of those claiming the academic title
not for real merit, but for their position, power, value".
Lacking good health, Tillo died at a relatively young age from
croupous pneumonia on the eve of the upcoming 1900 (December 30, old
A few hours before his death, Tillo dictated to his wife and
personally signed a touching message to the members of the
Geographical Society: “Parting with the dear fellow members of the
Russian Geographical Society, I greet and wish them success”.
The merits of Thillo are marked by the orders of St. Stanislav
2 degrees, St. Anna of
St. Vladimir of
Grave A. A. Tillo
He was buried in St. Petersburg at the
Cemetery: a granite pedestal, the cross is broken.
The island south of the island of
Wilczek Land archipelago Franz Josef Land.
The name was given by Soviet cartographers in the 1950s.
Islands north of the coast
of Khariton Laptev near the Taimyr Peninsula.
Named by F. Nansen
Cape west of Eclipse Bay on
the shore of Khariton Laptev.
Named by Russian Polar Expedition in 1901.