Tiesenhausen Emmanuel Pavlovich
Tisenhausen's daughter was M.M.Ermolaeva's
Born in the tract of White Key, near Tiflis.
He was a representative of the ancient Tizengauzen family, the
chronicle of which has been well documented since 1198.
A part of the Tiesenhausen family, beginning in the 18th century,
settled in Russia, where many of its representatives switched to
state service, including military service, occupying high positions
and positions in society.
One of them, Ferdinand (Fedor) von Tiesenhausen, who served as
the outhouse of Emperor Alexander I, was
mortally wounded in the battle of Austerlitz.
L. Tolstoy, creating the scene of
the wounded Andrei Bolkonsky in War and Peace, used the story of
The wife of Fyodor Tizengauzen was the daughter of M.I.
Kutuzov (in the second marriage Khitrovo).
His youngest daughter, Darya Fedorovna Fikelmon, was a member of
Tizenhausen began his studies at a military school in Orel, but
was forced to leave him because of his left-wing political views.
In the years 1904-1905
He took part in the Russian-Japanese war, "for bravery and
differences in cases against the Japanese" was awarded the Order of
St. Anna 4
Stanislav 3 degrees with swords and bow.
During the 1905 revolution, his infantry regiment was reorganized
into a reserve regiment because of revolutionary sentiments, and in
1906 Tizengausen himself was in fact in the position of a political
He remained a reserve officer until 1910, after which he was
dismissed and became a forester in the Northern Territory
Back in Orel, Tizengausen made friends with
where they both participated in anti-government political
In 1911, Tizengausen as a topographer was part of the expedition
They sailed around the southern island of Novaya Zemlya in a
sailing-motor boat "Polyarnaya", making a number of topographical
and hydrographic observations.
In the article "Expedition to the New Earth", published in the
newspaper "Northern Morning" №
90 for 1911, Rusanov especially noted the role of Tizengausen in
the performance of scientific observations.
Only due to his wife’s illness, Tiesenhausen was unable to
participate in the last tragic expedition of Rusanov in 1913.
In 1914, he again found himself in the army.
February 1917 he was met by them on the Bessarabian front.
Tizenhausen became an active member of the Socialist
Revolutionary Party, after the October Revolution was part of the
Northern government, was arrested by the Bolsheviks, but,
fortunately, was soon released.
After that, he broke with both the army and political activities
and returned to the forest area, settling in Murom.
In the 1920s, Tizenhausen created agricultural schools in Murom
and Oranienbaum, but because of his baronial origin he was removed
from teaching and returned to expeditionary work, conducting
botanical research in the lower reaches of the Pechora and the Kama
His life was interrupted in Leningrad due to an accident.
He died from gangrene of his foot after falling on ice.
He was buried in Petersburg at the
cemetery: a white marble cross on a pedestal.
Cape in the Black Bay on the
western shore of the southern island of