Tiesenhausen Emmanuel Pavlovich
(12.09.1881–1940)


Arctic explorer. Tisenhausen's daughter was   M.M.Ermolaeva's wife.
Born in the tract of White Key, near Tiflis. He was a representative of the ancient Tizengauzen family, the chronicle of which has been well documented since 1198. A part of the Tiesenhausen family, beginning in the 18th century, settled in Russia, where many of its representatives switched to state service, including military service, occupying high positions and positions in society. One of them, Ferdinand (Fedor) von Tiesenhausen, who served as the outhouse of Emperor Alexander I, was mortally wounded in the battle of Austerlitz. L. Tolstoy, creating the scene of the wounded Andrei Bolkonsky in War and Peace, used the story of Tizengausen's feat. The wife of Fyodor Tizengauzen was the daughter of M.I. Kutuzov (in the second marriage Khitrovo). His youngest daughter, Darya Fedorovna Fikelmon, was a member of A.S. Pushkin.
Tizenhausen began his studies at a military school in Orel, but was forced to leave him because of his left-wing political views.
In the years 1904-1905 He took part in the Russian-Japanese war, "for bravery and differences in cases against the Japanese" was awarded the Order of St. Anna 4 degrees and St. Stanislav 3 degrees with swords and bow.
During the 1905 revolution, his infantry regiment was reorganized into a reserve regiment because of revolutionary sentiments, and in 1906 Tizengausen himself was in fact in the position of a political exile. He remained a reserve officer until 1910, after which he was dismissed and became a forester in the Northern Territory Department.
Back in Orel, Tizengausen made friends with V.A.Rusanov, where they both participated in anti-government political activities. In 1911, Tizengausen as a topographer was part of the expedition Rusanov. They sailed around the southern island of Novaya Zemlya in a sailing-motor boat "Polyarnaya", making a number of topographical and hydrographic observations. In the article "Expedition to the New Earth", published in the newspaper "Northern Morning" № 90 for 1911, Rusanov especially noted the role of Tizengausen in the performance of scientific observations.
Only due to his wife’s illness, Tiesenhausen was unable to participate in the last tragic expedition of Rusanov in 1913.
In 1914, he again found himself in the army. February 1917 he was met by them on the Bessarabian front. Tizenhausen became an active member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, after the October Revolution was part of the Northern government, was arrested by the Bolsheviks, but, fortunately, was soon released. After that, he broke with both the army and political activities and returned to the forest area, settling in Murom.
In the 1920s, Tizenhausen created agricultural schools in Murom and Oranienbaum, but because of his baronial origin he was removed from teaching and returned to expeditionary work, conducting botanical research in the lower reaches of the Pechora and the Kama basin.
His life was interrupted in Leningrad due to an accident. He died from gangrene of his foot after falling on ice.
He was buried in Petersburg at the Serafimov cemetery: a white marble cross on a pedestal.
Cape in the Black Bay on the western shore of the southern island of Novaya Zemlya.

 

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