Unkovsky Konstantin Aleksandrovich

(12.05.1878 – 25.02.1934)


Russian military sailor, captain II rank.

Born in the village of Grigorovo of the Lukinskaya volost of the Tikhvin district of the Novgorod province. Nobleman.

In 1892 he entered a graduate in the Marine Corps. Upon completion in 1898, he was promoted to midshipman and awarded by Prize of the Admiral P.S. Nakhimov.

He was enrolled in the 4th naval crew, sailed on the Baltic Sea. Since 1899, as a watch supervisor on transport, “Bakan” participated in an expedition to measure degrees in the Spitsbergen archipelago.

At the end of the expedition, he continued to serve on the Baltic Sea as the watchman of the transport Samoyed, the cruiser Asia.

In 1902 he graduated from the mine officer class, served as a junior mine officer on the cruiser "Askold", which moved to the Far East. In December 1902 he was promoted to lieutenant and continued serving as a senior mine officer of the battleship Petropavlovsk. After the death of "Petropavlovsk" was rescued from the water and placed in a maritime hospital in Port Arthur.

Upon arrival in Vladivostok, Unkovsky was enrolled in the Siberian navy crew. He was in charge of the signal post and the station of the wireless telegraph on the Peter and Paul battery. Remaining in his position, was at the disposal of the commandant of the fortress for the technical supervision of electrical lighting devices.

Next, Unkovsky served as a mine officer of the destroyer detachment to guard the mouth of the Amur River. In July-August 1905 he was on a business trip to  Sakhalin Island to establish contact with the squad of General Lyapunov. He commanded the destroyer (submarine) "Keta".

As sailed in the waters of the Pacific Ocean for more than three years, he was returned to the 2nd naval crew, served as a senior mine officer of the cruiser "General Kondratenko", commander of the destroyer No. 109, a senior mine officer of the battleship under construction "Emperor Paul I".

In February 1908 in the rank of senior lieutenant, he filed a petition and was enlisted in the fleet reserve.

At the end of his tenure in the reserve, Unkovsky was dismissed with the rank of Captain II rank, with enrollment in the naval militia.

Upon his retirement, Unkovsky spent two years as a student at the St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute of Emperor Peter the Great and for one year as a volunteer at the Mining Institute of Empress Catherine II. He worked as an electrical engineer at the Baltic Shipbuilding and Mechanical Plant, the director of electrical engineering structures at Deka JSC (1917–1918).

In September 1918 Unkovsky was arrested, released a week and a half later. In August 1919 he was called up to the service of mobilization and included in the maritime reserve to fill posts in the offices of the People's Commissariat of Maritime Affairs with a secondment to the Marine General Staff.

In August 1921 Unkovsky was detained by a filtration commission and, together with 300 sailors, was sent by train to Moscow and then to Yaroslavl. In October, he was returned to Moscow and imprisoned in the Butyrka prison.

In December 1921 Konstantin Aleksandrovich was released, returned to work in Petrograd. In the late 1920s. he was arrested again, sentenced to 3 years of exile and sent to Nizhnevolzhsk to work in his specialty.

In September 1932 Unkovsky was released and returned to Leningrad after permission of free residence.

The merits of Unkovsky were awarded the orders of St. Stanislav 2 and 3 degrees, St. Anna 3 degrees with swords and bow and medals.

A mountain in the north of the Land of Olaf V on the island of Western Spitsbergen. The coordinates are 79° 00'N   18° 30'E. Named by expedition members on the degree measurement

An island in the Kara Sea in the east of the Lenin Strait. Called by the Russian Polar Expedition Toll in 1901.


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